The dysbiosis of the oral microbiome is associated with both localized and systemic diseases. Modulating the resident microbial communities by the dietary consumption of probiotics has become an appealing means to promote host health by either restoring host-microbe balance or preventing dysbiosis. Most probiotics strategies target the intestinal microbiome, but little is known about their impact on the oral microbiome. We analyzed here the saliva microbiome from 21 volunteers, longitudinally collected before, during, and after consumption of a commercial probiotic and a standard yoghurt using 16S amplicon sequencing. The alpha diversity of the saliva microbiome had a statistically significant increase (P-value = 0.0011) in one of the groups that consumed the probiotic. The overall structure of the microbiome was however not significantly impacted by the probiotic, although oligotyping analysis revealed that both Streptococci and Lactobacilli present in the probiotic product persisted in the saliva microbiome. In contrast, non-probiotic yoghurt consumption had a lesser impact on the overall diversity and Lactobacillus and Streptococcus persistence. Our results suggest that consumption of commercial probiotics in healthy subjects increase the overall diversity of the oral cavity microbiome in the short term, but such dietary interventions are not able to substantially modify the structure of the microbiome.

The short-term impact of probiotic consumption on the oral cavity microbiome / Dassi, Erik; Ferretti, Pamela; Covello, Giuseppina; Speccher, Alessandra; Migazzi, Alice; Bosco, Bartolomeo; Rajashekar, Bodike; Zarbo, Calogero; Ballabio, Claudio; Rossetto, Daniele; Maino, Eleonora; Corradi, Eloina; Costa, Federica; Precazzini, Francesca; Rashid, Harun Or; Nicolussi, Manuel; Bolzan, Mattia; Demozzi, Michele; Olivieri, Michele; Zordan, Nicole; Pedron, Renato; Manara, Serena; Rezvan, Setareh; Naik, Sindhu Narasimha; Khaghani, Solmaz; Masella, Stefania; Perli, Thomas; Pierini, Virginia; Bertorelli, Roberto; Denti, Michela A.; De Sanctis, Veronica; Tett, Adrian; Segata, Nicola. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 8:1(2018), pp. 104761-104768. [10.1038/s41598-018-28491-x]

The short-term impact of probiotic consumption on the oral cavity microbiome

Dassi, Erik;Ferretti, Pamela;Covello, Giuseppina;Speccher, Alessandra;Migazzi, Alice;Bosco, Bartolomeo;Zarbo, Calogero;Ballabio, Claudio;Rossetto, Daniele;Corradi, Eloina;Precazzini, Francesca;Bolzan, Mattia;Demozzi, Michele;Pedron, Renato;Manara, Serena;Naik, Sindhu Narasimha;Bertorelli, Roberto;Denti, Michela A.;De Sanctis, Veronica;Tett, Adrian;Segata, Nicola
2018-01-01

Abstract

The dysbiosis of the oral microbiome is associated with both localized and systemic diseases. Modulating the resident microbial communities by the dietary consumption of probiotics has become an appealing means to promote host health by either restoring host-microbe balance or preventing dysbiosis. Most probiotics strategies target the intestinal microbiome, but little is known about their impact on the oral microbiome. We analyzed here the saliva microbiome from 21 volunteers, longitudinally collected before, during, and after consumption of a commercial probiotic and a standard yoghurt using 16S amplicon sequencing. The alpha diversity of the saliva microbiome had a statistically significant increase (P-value = 0.0011) in one of the groups that consumed the probiotic. The overall structure of the microbiome was however not significantly impacted by the probiotic, although oligotyping analysis revealed that both Streptococci and Lactobacilli present in the probiotic product persisted in the saliva microbiome. In contrast, non-probiotic yoghurt consumption had a lesser impact on the overall diversity and Lactobacillus and Streptococcus persistence. Our results suggest that consumption of commercial probiotics in healthy subjects increase the overall diversity of the oral cavity microbiome in the short term, but such dietary interventions are not able to substantially modify the structure of the microbiome.
1
Dassi, Erik; Ferretti, Pamela; Covello, Giuseppina; Speccher, Alessandra; Migazzi, Alice; Bosco, Bartolomeo; Rajashekar, Bodike; Zarbo, Calogero; Ballabio, Claudio; Rossetto, Daniele; Maino, Eleonora; Corradi, Eloina; Costa, Federica; Precazzini, Francesca; Rashid, Harun Or; Nicolussi, Manuel; Bolzan, Mattia; Demozzi, Michele; Olivieri, Michele; Zordan, Nicole; Pedron, Renato; Manara, Serena; Rezvan, Setareh; Naik, Sindhu Narasimha; Khaghani, Solmaz; Masella, Stefania; Perli, Thomas; Pierini, Virginia; Bertorelli, Roberto; Denti, Michela A.; De Sanctis, Veronica; Tett, Adrian; Segata, Nicola
The short-term impact of probiotic consumption on the oral cavity microbiome / Dassi, Erik; Ferretti, Pamela; Covello, Giuseppina; Speccher, Alessandra; Migazzi, Alice; Bosco, Bartolomeo; Rajashekar, Bodike; Zarbo, Calogero; Ballabio, Claudio; Rossetto, Daniele; Maino, Eleonora; Corradi, Eloina; Costa, Federica; Precazzini, Francesca; Rashid, Harun Or; Nicolussi, Manuel; Bolzan, Mattia; Demozzi, Michele; Olivieri, Michele; Zordan, Nicole; Pedron, Renato; Manara, Serena; Rezvan, Setareh; Naik, Sindhu Narasimha; Khaghani, Solmaz; Masella, Stefania; Perli, Thomas; Pierini, Virginia; Bertorelli, Roberto; Denti, Michela A.; De Sanctis, Veronica; Tett, Adrian; Segata, Nicola. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 8:1(2018), pp. 104761-104768. [10.1038/s41598-018-28491-x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/212667
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