Gas chromatography coupled with ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is an analytical tool which is rapidly becoming widespread in the analysis of food volatiles. Despite this increasing popularity, an assessment of the IMS response for several flavor compound classes is not yet available. This study focuses on alkyl pyrazines and their determination in roasted hazelnut pastes. These Maillard reaction products are crucial to determine the aromatic profile of roasted foods and are suitable markers for industrial roasting monitoring. The instrumental response of 8 alkyl pyrazines was studied using a model matrix and a matrix matching approach. The results showed a relevant effect of the pyrazine ring substitution pattern on the concentration-response curve trends, highlighting that an external standardization of the IMS response is required to make possible relative abundance comparisons between analytes. A response standardization was therefore developed and applied to determine alkyl pyrazines in samples with different roasting intensity and geographical and botanical origin.

Monitoring alkyl pyrazines in roasted hazelnuts by SHS-GC-IMS: IMS response assessment and standardization / Mazzucotelli, Maria; Khomenko, Iuliia; Betta, Emanuela; Cetto, Irene; Farneti, Brian; Gabetti, Elena; Cavallero, Andrea; Aprea, Eugenio; Biasioli, Franco. - In: TALANTA. - ISSN 0039-9140. - 259:(2023), pp. 1245681-1245687. [10.1016/j.talanta.2023.124568]

Monitoring alkyl pyrazines in roasted hazelnuts by SHS-GC-IMS: IMS response assessment and standardization

Mazzucotelli, Maria;Betta, Emanuela;Aprea, Eugenio;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Gas chromatography coupled with ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is an analytical tool which is rapidly becoming widespread in the analysis of food volatiles. Despite this increasing popularity, an assessment of the IMS response for several flavor compound classes is not yet available. This study focuses on alkyl pyrazines and their determination in roasted hazelnut pastes. These Maillard reaction products are crucial to determine the aromatic profile of roasted foods and are suitable markers for industrial roasting monitoring. The instrumental response of 8 alkyl pyrazines was studied using a model matrix and a matrix matching approach. The results showed a relevant effect of the pyrazine ring substitution pattern on the concentration-response curve trends, highlighting that an external standardization of the IMS response is required to make possible relative abundance comparisons between analytes. A response standardization was therefore developed and applied to determine alkyl pyrazines in samples with different roasting intensity and geographical and botanical origin.
2023
Mazzucotelli, Maria; Khomenko, Iuliia; Betta, Emanuela; Cetto, Irene; Farneti, Brian; Gabetti, Elena; Cavallero, Andrea; Aprea, Eugenio; Biasioli, Franco
Monitoring alkyl pyrazines in roasted hazelnuts by SHS-GC-IMS: IMS response assessment and standardization / Mazzucotelli, Maria; Khomenko, Iuliia; Betta, Emanuela; Cetto, Irene; Farneti, Brian; Gabetti, Elena; Cavallero, Andrea; Aprea, Eugenio; Biasioli, Franco. - In: TALANTA. - ISSN 0039-9140. - 259:(2023), pp. 1245681-1245687. [10.1016/j.talanta.2023.124568]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/376429
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