The problem addressed in this article is the localization of a mobile robot using a combination of onboard sensors and ultrawideband (UWB) beacons. By using a discrete-time formulation of the system's kinematics, we identify the geometric conditions that make the system globally observable and cast the state estimation problem into the framework of least-squares optimization. The observability filter thus obtained is remarkably different from classic Bayesian filters, such as the Kalman Filter, since it does not need a priori stochastic models of process and measurement uncertainty contributions and thus proves to have better performance than the Kalman filters if such contributions are partly unknown or differ from the expected values. The second important outcome of this work is the analytical study of uncertainty propagation. The effectiveness of the designed filter, the validity of the theoretical analysis of estimation uncertainties, and the comparisons with a state-of-the-art extended Kalman filter (EKF) are corroborated by extensive simulations and validated experimentally.

An Uncertainty-Driven and Observability-Based State Estimator for Nonholonomic Robots / Fontanelli, D.; Shamsfakhr, F.; Macii, D.; Palopoli, L.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0018-9456. - STAMPA. - 70:(2021), pp. 750131201-750131212. [10.1109/TIM.2021.3053066]

An Uncertainty-Driven and Observability-Based State Estimator for Nonholonomic Robots

Fontanelli D.;Shamsfakhr F.;MacIi D.;Palopoli L.
2021-01-01

Abstract

The problem addressed in this article is the localization of a mobile robot using a combination of onboard sensors and ultrawideband (UWB) beacons. By using a discrete-time formulation of the system's kinematics, we identify the geometric conditions that make the system globally observable and cast the state estimation problem into the framework of least-squares optimization. The observability filter thus obtained is remarkably different from classic Bayesian filters, such as the Kalman Filter, since it does not need a priori stochastic models of process and measurement uncertainty contributions and thus proves to have better performance than the Kalman filters if such contributions are partly unknown or differ from the expected values. The second important outcome of this work is the analytical study of uncertainty propagation. The effectiveness of the designed filter, the validity of the theoretical analysis of estimation uncertainties, and the comparisons with a state-of-the-art extended Kalman filter (EKF) are corroborated by extensive simulations and validated experimentally.
2021
Fontanelli, D.; Shamsfakhr, F.; Macii, D.; Palopoli, L.
An Uncertainty-Driven and Observability-Based State Estimator for Nonholonomic Robots / Fontanelli, D.; Shamsfakhr, F.; Macii, D.; Palopoli, L.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0018-9456. - STAMPA. - 70:(2021), pp. 750131201-750131212. [10.1109/TIM.2021.3053066]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/328826
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