Background Humans have coevolved with microbial communities to establish a mutually advantageous relationship that is still poorly characterized and can provide a better understanding of the human microbiome. Comparative metagenomic analysis of human and non-human primate (NHP) microbiomes offers a promising approach to study this symbiosis. Very few microbial species have been characterized in NHP microbiomes due to their poor representation in the available cataloged microbial diversity, thus limiting the potential of such comparative approaches. Results We reconstruct over 1000 previously uncharacterized microbial species from 6 available NHP metagenomic cohorts, resulting in an increase of the mappable fraction of metagenomic reads by 600%. These novel species highlight that almost 90% of the microbial diversity associated with NHPs has been overlooked. Comparative analysis of this new catalog of taxa with the collection of over 150,000 genomes from human metagenomes points at a limited species-level overlap, with only 20% of microbial candidate species in NHPs also found in the human microbiome. This overlap occurs mainly between NHPs and non-Westernized human populations and NHPs living in captivity, suggesting that host lifestyle plays a role comparable to host speciation in shaping the primate intestinal microbiome. Several NHP-specific species are phylogenetically related to human-associated microbes, such as Elusimicrobia and Treponema, and could be the consequence of host-dependent evolutionary trajectories. Conclusions The newly reconstructed species greatly expand the microbial diversity associated with NHPs, thus enabling better interrogation of the primate microbiome and empowering in-depth human and non-human comparative and co-diversification studies.

Microbial genomes from non-human primate gut metagenomes expand the primate-associated bacterial tree of life with over 1000 novel species / Manara, Serena; Asnicar, Francesco; Beghini, Francesco; Bazzani, Davide; Cumbo, Fabio; Zolfo, Moreno; Nigro, Eleonora; Karcher, Nicolai; Manghi, Paolo; Metzger, Marisa Isabell; Pasolli, Edoardo; Segata, Nicola. - In: GENOME BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1474-760X. - 20:(2019), pp. 29901-29916. [10.1186/s13059-019-1923-9]

Microbial genomes from non-human primate gut metagenomes expand the primate-associated bacterial tree of life with over 1000 novel species

Manara, Serena;Asnicar, Francesco;Beghini, Francesco;Cumbo, Fabio;Zolfo, Moreno;Karcher, Nicolai;Manghi, Paolo;Pasolli, Edoardo;Segata, Nicola
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background Humans have coevolved with microbial communities to establish a mutually advantageous relationship that is still poorly characterized and can provide a better understanding of the human microbiome. Comparative metagenomic analysis of human and non-human primate (NHP) microbiomes offers a promising approach to study this symbiosis. Very few microbial species have been characterized in NHP microbiomes due to their poor representation in the available cataloged microbial diversity, thus limiting the potential of such comparative approaches. Results We reconstruct over 1000 previously uncharacterized microbial species from 6 available NHP metagenomic cohorts, resulting in an increase of the mappable fraction of metagenomic reads by 600%. These novel species highlight that almost 90% of the microbial diversity associated with NHPs has been overlooked. Comparative analysis of this new catalog of taxa with the collection of over 150,000 genomes from human metagenomes points at a limited species-level overlap, with only 20% of microbial candidate species in NHPs also found in the human microbiome. This overlap occurs mainly between NHPs and non-Westernized human populations and NHPs living in captivity, suggesting that host lifestyle plays a role comparable to host speciation in shaping the primate intestinal microbiome. Several NHP-specific species are phylogenetically related to human-associated microbes, such as Elusimicrobia and Treponema, and could be the consequence of host-dependent evolutionary trajectories. Conclusions The newly reconstructed species greatly expand the microbial diversity associated with NHPs, thus enabling better interrogation of the primate microbiome and empowering in-depth human and non-human comparative and co-diversification studies.
2019
Manara, Serena; Asnicar, Francesco; Beghini, Francesco; Bazzani, Davide; Cumbo, Fabio; Zolfo, Moreno; Nigro, Eleonora; Karcher, Nicolai; Manghi, Paolo; Metzger, Marisa Isabell; Pasolli, Edoardo; Segata, Nicola
Microbial genomes from non-human primate gut metagenomes expand the primate-associated bacterial tree of life with over 1000 novel species / Manara, Serena; Asnicar, Francesco; Beghini, Francesco; Bazzani, Davide; Cumbo, Fabio; Zolfo, Moreno; Nigro, Eleonora; Karcher, Nicolai; Manghi, Paolo; Metzger, Marisa Isabell; Pasolli, Edoardo; Segata, Nicola. - In: GENOME BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1474-760X. - 20:(2019), pp. 29901-29916. [10.1186/s13059-019-1923-9]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/262753
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