The Segatella copri (formerly Prevotella copri) complex (ScC) comprises taxa that are key members of the human gut microbiome. It was previously described to contain four distinct phylogenetic clades. Combining targeted isolation with large-scale metagenomic analysis, we defined 13 distinct Segatella copri-related species, expanding the ScC complex beyond four clades. Complete genome reconstruction of thirteen strains from seven species unveiled the presence of genetically diverse large circular extrachromosomal elements. These elements are consistently present in most ScC species, contributing to intra- and inter-species diversities. The nine species-level clades present in humans display striking differences in prevalence and intraspecies genetic makeup across human populations. Based on a meta-analysis, we found reproducible associations between members of ScC and the male sex and positive correlations with lower visceral fat and favorable markers of cardiometabolic health. Our work uncovers genomic diversity within ScC, facilitating a better characterization of the human microbiome.

Extension of the Segatella copri complex to 13 species with distinct large extrachromosomal elements and associations with host conditions / Blanco-Míguez, Aitor; Gálvez, Eric J. C.; Pasolli, Edoardo; De Filippis, Francesca; Amend, Lena; Huang, Kun D.; Manghi, Paolo; Lesker, Till-Robin; Riedel, Thomas; Cova, Linda; Punčochář, Michal; Thomas, Andrew Maltez; Valles-Colomer, Mireia; Schober, Isabel; Hitch, Thomas C. A.; Clavel, Thomas; Berry, Sarah E.; Davies, Richard; Wolf, Jonathan; Spector, Tim D.; Overmann, Jörg; Tett, Adrian; Ercolini, Danilo; Segata, Nicola; Strowig, Till. - In: CELL HOST & MICROBE. - ISSN 1931-3128. - 31:11(2023), pp. 1804-1819.e9. [10.1016/j.chom.2023.09.013]

Extension of the Segatella copri complex to 13 species with distinct large extrachromosomal elements and associations with host conditions

Pasolli, Edoardo;Manghi, Paolo;Cova, Linda;Thomas, Andrew Maltez;Valles-Colomer, Mireia;Tett, Adrian;Segata, Nicola;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The Segatella copri (formerly Prevotella copri) complex (ScC) comprises taxa that are key members of the human gut microbiome. It was previously described to contain four distinct phylogenetic clades. Combining targeted isolation with large-scale metagenomic analysis, we defined 13 distinct Segatella copri-related species, expanding the ScC complex beyond four clades. Complete genome reconstruction of thirteen strains from seven species unveiled the presence of genetically diverse large circular extrachromosomal elements. These elements are consistently present in most ScC species, contributing to intra- and inter-species diversities. The nine species-level clades present in humans display striking differences in prevalence and intraspecies genetic makeup across human populations. Based on a meta-analysis, we found reproducible associations between members of ScC and the male sex and positive correlations with lower visceral fat and favorable markers of cardiometabolic health. Our work uncovers genomic diversity within ScC, facilitating a better characterization of the human microbiome.
2023
11
Blanco-Míguez, Aitor; Gálvez, Eric J. C.; Pasolli, Edoardo; De Filippis, Francesca; Amend, Lena; Huang, Kun D.; Manghi, Paolo; Lesker, Till-Robin; Riedel, Thomas; Cova, Linda; Punčochář, Michal; Thomas, Andrew Maltez; Valles-Colomer, Mireia; Schober, Isabel; Hitch, Thomas C. A.; Clavel, Thomas; Berry, Sarah E.; Davies, Richard; Wolf, Jonathan; Spector, Tim D.; Overmann, Jörg; Tett, Adrian; Ercolini, Danilo; Segata, Nicola; Strowig, Till
Extension of the Segatella copri complex to 13 species with distinct large extrachromosomal elements and associations with host conditions / Blanco-Míguez, Aitor; Gálvez, Eric J. C.; Pasolli, Edoardo; De Filippis, Francesca; Amend, Lena; Huang, Kun D.; Manghi, Paolo; Lesker, Till-Robin; Riedel, Thomas; Cova, Linda; Punčochář, Michal; Thomas, Andrew Maltez; Valles-Colomer, Mireia; Schober, Isabel; Hitch, Thomas C. A.; Clavel, Thomas; Berry, Sarah E.; Davies, Richard; Wolf, Jonathan; Spector, Tim D.; Overmann, Jörg; Tett, Adrian; Ercolini, Danilo; Segata, Nicola; Strowig, Till. - In: CELL HOST & MICROBE. - ISSN 1931-3128. - 31:11(2023), pp. 1804-1819.e9. [10.1016/j.chom.2023.09.013]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/409217
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