Prediabetes is a metabolic condition associated with gut microbiome composition, although mechanisms remain elusive. We searched for fecal metabolites, a readout of gut microbiome function, associated with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in 142 individuals with IFG and 1,105 healthy individuals from the UK Adult Twin Registry (TwinsUK). We used the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA) cohort (318 IFG individuals, 689 healthy individuals) to replicate our findings. We linearly combined eight IFG-positively associated metabolites (1-methylxantine, nicotinate, glucuronate, uridine, cholesterol, serine, caffeine, and protoporphyrin IX) into an IFG-metabolite score, which was significantly associated with higher odds ratios (ORs) for IFG (TwinsUK: OR 3.9 [95% CI 3.02–5.02], P < 0.0001, KORA: OR 1.3 [95% CI 1.16–1.52], P < 0.0001) and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D; TwinsUK: hazard ratio 4 [95% CI 1.97–8], P = 0.0002). Although these are host-produced metabolites, we found that the gut microbiome is strongly associated with their fecal levels (area under the curve >70%). Abundances of Faecalibacillus intestinalis, Dorea formicigenerans, Ruminococcus torques, and Dorea sp. AF24-7LB were positively associated with IFG, and such associations were partially mediated by 1-methylxanthine and nicotinate (variance accounted for mean 14.4% [SD 5.1], P < 0.05). Our results suggest that the gut microbiome is linked to prediabetes not only via the production of microbial metabolites but also by affecting intestinal absorption/excretion of host-produced metabolites and xenobiotics, which are correlated with the risk of IFG. Fecal metabolites enable modeling of another mechanism of gut microbiome effect on prediabetes and T2D onset.

A Fecal Metabolite Signature of Impaired Fasting Glucose: Results From Two Independent Population-Based Cohorts / Nogal, Ana; Tettamanzi, Francesca; Dong, Qiuling; Louca, Panayiotis; Visconti, Alessia; Christiansen, Colette; Breuninger, Taylor; Linseisen, Jakob; Grallert, Harald; Wawro, Nina; Asnicar, Francesco; Wong, Kari; Baleanu, Andrei-Florin; Michelotti, Gregory A.; Segata, Nicola; Falchi, Mario; Peters, Annette; Franks, Paul W.; Bagnardi, Vincenzo; Spector, Tim D.; Bell, Jordana T.; Gieger, Christian; Valdes, Ana M.; Menni, Cristina. - In: DIABETES. - ISSN 0012-1797. - 72:12(2023), pp. 1870-1880. [10.2337/db23-0170]

A Fecal Metabolite Signature of Impaired Fasting Glucose: Results From Two Independent Population-Based Cohorts

Asnicar, Francesco;Segata, Nicola;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Prediabetes is a metabolic condition associated with gut microbiome composition, although mechanisms remain elusive. We searched for fecal metabolites, a readout of gut microbiome function, associated with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in 142 individuals with IFG and 1,105 healthy individuals from the UK Adult Twin Registry (TwinsUK). We used the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA) cohort (318 IFG individuals, 689 healthy individuals) to replicate our findings. We linearly combined eight IFG-positively associated metabolites (1-methylxantine, nicotinate, glucuronate, uridine, cholesterol, serine, caffeine, and protoporphyrin IX) into an IFG-metabolite score, which was significantly associated with higher odds ratios (ORs) for IFG (TwinsUK: OR 3.9 [95% CI 3.02–5.02], P < 0.0001, KORA: OR 1.3 [95% CI 1.16–1.52], P < 0.0001) and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D; TwinsUK: hazard ratio 4 [95% CI 1.97–8], P = 0.0002). Although these are host-produced metabolites, we found that the gut microbiome is strongly associated with their fecal levels (area under the curve >70%). Abundances of Faecalibacillus intestinalis, Dorea formicigenerans, Ruminococcus torques, and Dorea sp. AF24-7LB were positively associated with IFG, and such associations were partially mediated by 1-methylxanthine and nicotinate (variance accounted for mean 14.4% [SD 5.1], P < 0.05). Our results suggest that the gut microbiome is linked to prediabetes not only via the production of microbial metabolites but also by affecting intestinal absorption/excretion of host-produced metabolites and xenobiotics, which are correlated with the risk of IFG. Fecal metabolites enable modeling of another mechanism of gut microbiome effect on prediabetes and T2D onset.
2023
12
Nogal, Ana; Tettamanzi, Francesca; Dong, Qiuling; Louca, Panayiotis; Visconti, Alessia; Christiansen, Colette; Breuninger, Taylor; Linseisen, Jakob; Grallert, Harald; Wawro, Nina; Asnicar, Francesco; Wong, Kari; Baleanu, Andrei-Florin; Michelotti, Gregory A.; Segata, Nicola; Falchi, Mario; Peters, Annette; Franks, Paul W.; Bagnardi, Vincenzo; Spector, Tim D.; Bell, Jordana T.; Gieger, Christian; Valdes, Ana M.; Menni, Cristina
A Fecal Metabolite Signature of Impaired Fasting Glucose: Results From Two Independent Population-Based Cohorts / Nogal, Ana; Tettamanzi, Francesca; Dong, Qiuling; Louca, Panayiotis; Visconti, Alessia; Christiansen, Colette; Breuninger, Taylor; Linseisen, Jakob; Grallert, Harald; Wawro, Nina; Asnicar, Francesco; Wong, Kari; Baleanu, Andrei-Florin; Michelotti, Gregory A.; Segata, Nicola; Falchi, Mario; Peters, Annette; Franks, Paul W.; Bagnardi, Vincenzo; Spector, Tim D.; Bell, Jordana T.; Gieger, Christian; Valdes, Ana M.; Menni, Cristina. - In: DIABETES. - ISSN 0012-1797. - 72:12(2023), pp. 1870-1880. [10.2337/db23-0170]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/409215
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