Lung ultrasound (LUS) is an important imaging modality to assess the state of the lung surface. Nevertheless, LUS is limited to the visual evaluation of imaging artifacts, especially the vertical ones. These artifacts are observed in pathologies characterized by a reduction of dimensions of air-spaces (alveoli). In contrast, there exist pathologies, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), in which an enlargement of air-spaces can occur, which causes the lung surface to behave essentially as a perfect reflector, thus not allowing ultrasound penetration. This characteristic high reflectivity could be exploited to characterize the lung surface. Specifically, airspaces of different sizes could cause the lung surface to have a different roughness, whose estimation could provide a way to assess the state of the lung surface. In this study, we present a quantitative multifrequency approach aiming at estimating the lung surface’s roughness by measuring image intensity variations along the lung surface as a function of frequency. This approach was tested both in silico and in vitro, and it showed promising results. For the in vitro experiments, radiofrequency (RF) data were acquired from a novel experimental model. The results showed consistency between in silico and in vitro experiments.

Ultrasound Multifrequency Strategy To Estimate the Lung Surface Roughness, In Silico and In Vitro Results / Mento, Federico; Perini, Matteo; Malacarne, Ciro; Demi, Libertario. - In: ULTRASONICS. - ISSN 0041-624X. - 2023, 135:(2023), pp. 1071431-1071439. [10.1016/j.ultras.2023.107143]

Ultrasound Multifrequency Strategy To Estimate the Lung Surface Roughness, In Silico and In Vitro Results

Mento, Federico;Demi, Libertario
2023-01-01

Abstract

Lung ultrasound (LUS) is an important imaging modality to assess the state of the lung surface. Nevertheless, LUS is limited to the visual evaluation of imaging artifacts, especially the vertical ones. These artifacts are observed in pathologies characterized by a reduction of dimensions of air-spaces (alveoli). In contrast, there exist pathologies, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), in which an enlargement of air-spaces can occur, which causes the lung surface to behave essentially as a perfect reflector, thus not allowing ultrasound penetration. This characteristic high reflectivity could be exploited to characterize the lung surface. Specifically, airspaces of different sizes could cause the lung surface to have a different roughness, whose estimation could provide a way to assess the state of the lung surface. In this study, we present a quantitative multifrequency approach aiming at estimating the lung surface’s roughness by measuring image intensity variations along the lung surface as a function of frequency. This approach was tested both in silico and in vitro, and it showed promising results. For the in vitro experiments, radiofrequency (RF) data were acquired from a novel experimental model. The results showed consistency between in silico and in vitro experiments.
2023
Mento, Federico; Perini, Matteo; Malacarne, Ciro; Demi, Libertario
Ultrasound Multifrequency Strategy To Estimate the Lung Surface Roughness, In Silico and In Vitro Results / Mento, Federico; Perini, Matteo; Malacarne, Ciro; Demi, Libertario. - In: ULTRASONICS. - ISSN 0041-624X. - 2023, 135:(2023), pp. 1071431-1071439. [10.1016/j.ultras.2023.107143]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/387150
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