By incorporating ergonomics principles into the task allocation processes, human–robot collaboration (HRC) frameworks can favour the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). In this context, existing offline methodologies do not account for the variability of human actions and states; therefore, planning and dynamically assigning roles in human–robot teams remains an unaddressed challenge. This study aims to create an ergonomic role allocation framework that optimises the HRC, taking into account task features and human state measurements. The presented framework consists of two main modules: the first provides the HRC task model, exploiting AND/OR Graphs (AOG)s, which we adapted to solve the allocation problem; the second module describes the ergonomic risk assessment during task execution through a risk indicator and updates the AOG-related variables to influence future task allocation. The proposed framework can be combined with any time-varying ergonomic risk indicator that evaluates human cognitive and physical burden. In this work, we tested our framework in an assembly scenario, introducing a risk index named Kinematic Wear. The overall framework has been tested with a multi-subject experiment. The task allocation results and subjective evaluations, measured with questionnaires, show that high-risk actions are correctly recognised and not assigned to humans, reducing fatigue and frustration in collaborative tasks.

An ergonomic role allocation framework for dynamic human–robot collaborative tasks / Merlo, Elena; Lamon, Edoardo; Fusaro, Fabio; Lorenzini, Marta; Carfì, Alessandro; Mastrogiovanni, Fulvio; Ajoudani, Arash. - In: JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0278-6125. - 67:(2023), pp. 111-121. [10.1016/j.jmsy.2022.12.011]

An ergonomic role allocation framework for dynamic human–robot collaborative tasks

Lamon, Edoardo
Co-primo
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

By incorporating ergonomics principles into the task allocation processes, human–robot collaboration (HRC) frameworks can favour the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). In this context, existing offline methodologies do not account for the variability of human actions and states; therefore, planning and dynamically assigning roles in human–robot teams remains an unaddressed challenge. This study aims to create an ergonomic role allocation framework that optimises the HRC, taking into account task features and human state measurements. The presented framework consists of two main modules: the first provides the HRC task model, exploiting AND/OR Graphs (AOG)s, which we adapted to solve the allocation problem; the second module describes the ergonomic risk assessment during task execution through a risk indicator and updates the AOG-related variables to influence future task allocation. The proposed framework can be combined with any time-varying ergonomic risk indicator that evaluates human cognitive and physical burden. In this work, we tested our framework in an assembly scenario, introducing a risk index named Kinematic Wear. The overall framework has been tested with a multi-subject experiment. The task allocation results and subjective evaluations, measured with questionnaires, show that high-risk actions are correctly recognised and not assigned to humans, reducing fatigue and frustration in collaborative tasks.
2023
Merlo, Elena; Lamon, Edoardo; Fusaro, Fabio; Lorenzini, Marta; Carfì, Alessandro; Mastrogiovanni, Fulvio; Ajoudani, Arash
An ergonomic role allocation framework for dynamic human–robot collaborative tasks / Merlo, Elena; Lamon, Edoardo; Fusaro, Fabio; Lorenzini, Marta; Carfì, Alessandro; Mastrogiovanni, Fulvio; Ajoudani, Arash. - In: JOURNAL OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0278-6125. - 67:(2023), pp. 111-121. [10.1016/j.jmsy.2022.12.011]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/381169
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