The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different storage temperatures and delivery system of the milk on the microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of Grana Trentino, a long-ripened hard-cooked Italian cheese. In particular, 3 kinds of milk storage and delivery were studied: milk delivered to the dairy in the traditional manner without temperature control, milk delivered at 18°C, and milk stored at the farm and delivered at 12°C. Milk, natural whey starter, and cheeses after 18. mo of ripening were sampled for microbiological profiles, physicochemical analysis, and proteolysis evaluation, and a study of cheese volatile compounds through a solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique was performed. Milk microbiota was not affected by any of the treatments. At the end of ripening, free fatty acid and ester contents were significantly higher in cheeses from milk without temperature control. This was probably due to the milk delivery to the dairy in churns causing the fat globule membrane break during transport and, consequently, a greater release of fat and deeper lipolysis. Milk refrigeration at 12°C for 12. h before delivery affected the distribution of nitrogen fractions in cheeses. Lower temperatures of milk storage favored a larger soluble nitrogen fraction and greater cheese proteolysis, probably caused by an enhanced plasmin activity. From this work, it is concluded that both milk temperature storage and transport system could affect cheese ripening, leading to significant differences in chemical compounds: if milk was delivered by churns, higher free fatty acid and ester content in cheeses was observed; if milk was stored at 12°C for 12. h before delivery, greater cheese proteolysis was induced with consequent faster ripening. © 2012 American Dairy Science Association.

Does Milk Treatment before Cheesemaking Affect Microbial and Chemical Traits of Ripened Cheese? Grana Trentino as a Case Study / Franciosi, E.; Gardini, F.; Monfredini, L.; Tabanelli, G.; Fabris, A.; Endrizzi, I.; Poznanski, E.; Gasperi, F.; Cavazza, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 95:10(2012), pp. 5485-5494. [10.3168/jds.2011-4693]

Does Milk Treatment before Cheesemaking Affect Microbial and Chemical Traits of Ripened Cheese? Grana Trentino as a Case Study

Franciosi E.;Endrizzi I.;Poznanski E.;Gasperi F.;Cavazza A.
2012

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different storage temperatures and delivery system of the milk on the microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of Grana Trentino, a long-ripened hard-cooked Italian cheese. In particular, 3 kinds of milk storage and delivery were studied: milk delivered to the dairy in the traditional manner without temperature control, milk delivered at 18°C, and milk stored at the farm and delivered at 12°C. Milk, natural whey starter, and cheeses after 18. mo of ripening were sampled for microbiological profiles, physicochemical analysis, and proteolysis evaluation, and a study of cheese volatile compounds through a solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique was performed. Milk microbiota was not affected by any of the treatments. At the end of ripening, free fatty acid and ester contents were significantly higher in cheeses from milk without temperature control. This was probably due to the milk delivery to the dairy in churns causing the fat globule membrane break during transport and, consequently, a greater release of fat and deeper lipolysis. Milk refrigeration at 12°C for 12. h before delivery affected the distribution of nitrogen fractions in cheeses. Lower temperatures of milk storage favored a larger soluble nitrogen fraction and greater cheese proteolysis, probably caused by an enhanced plasmin activity. From this work, it is concluded that both milk temperature storage and transport system could affect cheese ripening, leading to significant differences in chemical compounds: if milk was delivered by churns, higher free fatty acid and ester content in cheeses was observed; if milk was stored at 12°C for 12. h before delivery, greater cheese proteolysis was induced with consequent faster ripening. © 2012 American Dairy Science Association.
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Franciosi, E.; Gardini, F.; Monfredini, L.; Tabanelli, G.; Fabris, A.; Endrizzi, I.; Poznanski, E.; Gasperi, F.; Cavazza, A.
Does Milk Treatment before Cheesemaking Affect Microbial and Chemical Traits of Ripened Cheese? Grana Trentino as a Case Study / Franciosi, E.; Gardini, F.; Monfredini, L.; Tabanelli, G.; Fabris, A.; Endrizzi, I.; Poznanski, E.; Gasperi, F.; Cavazza, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 95:10(2012), pp. 5485-5494. [10.3168/jds.2011-4693]
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