Non-exhaust emissions, generated by the wear of brake systems, tires, roads, clutches, and road resuspension, are responsible for a large part of airborne pollutants in urban areas. Brake wear accounts for 55% of non-exhaust emissions and significantly contributes to urban health diseases related to air pollution. A major part of the studies reported in the scientific literature are focused on experimental methods to sample and characterize brake wear particles in a reliable, representative, and repeatable way. In this framework, simulation is an important tool, which makes it possible to give interpretations of the experimental results, formulate new testing approaches, and predict the emission produced by brakes. The present comprehensive literature review aims to introduce the state of the art of the research on the different aspects of airborne wear debris resulting from brake systems which can be used as inputs in future simulation models. In this review, previous studies focusing on airborne emissions produced by brake systems are investigated in three main categories: The subsystem level, system level, and environmental level. As well as all the information provided in the literature, the simulation methodologies are also investigated at all levels. It can be concluded from the present review study that various factors, such as the uncertainty and repeatability of the brake wear experiments, distinguish the results of the subsystem and system levels. This gap should be taken into account in the development of future experimental and simulation methods for the investigation of airborne brake wear emissions.

Input parameters for airborne brake wear emission simulations: A comprehensive review / Rahimi, Mostafa; Bortoluzzi, Daniele; Wahlstrom, Jens. - In: ATMOSPHERE. - ISSN 2073-4433. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:7(2021), pp. 871.1-871.26. [10.3390/atmos12070871]

Input parameters for airborne brake wear emission simulations: A comprehensive review

Rahimi, Mostafa;Bortoluzzi, Daniele;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Non-exhaust emissions, generated by the wear of brake systems, tires, roads, clutches, and road resuspension, are responsible for a large part of airborne pollutants in urban areas. Brake wear accounts for 55% of non-exhaust emissions and significantly contributes to urban health diseases related to air pollution. A major part of the studies reported in the scientific literature are focused on experimental methods to sample and characterize brake wear particles in a reliable, representative, and repeatable way. In this framework, simulation is an important tool, which makes it possible to give interpretations of the experimental results, formulate new testing approaches, and predict the emission produced by brakes. The present comprehensive literature review aims to introduce the state of the art of the research on the different aspects of airborne wear debris resulting from brake systems which can be used as inputs in future simulation models. In this review, previous studies focusing on airborne emissions produced by brake systems are investigated in three main categories: The subsystem level, system level, and environmental level. As well as all the information provided in the literature, the simulation methodologies are also investigated at all levels. It can be concluded from the present review study that various factors, such as the uncertainty and repeatability of the brake wear experiments, distinguish the results of the subsystem and system levels. This gap should be taken into account in the development of future experimental and simulation methods for the investigation of airborne brake wear emissions.
2021
7
Rahimi, Mostafa; Bortoluzzi, Daniele; Wahlstrom, Jens
Input parameters for airborne brake wear emission simulations: A comprehensive review / Rahimi, Mostafa; Bortoluzzi, Daniele; Wahlstrom, Jens. - In: ATMOSPHERE. - ISSN 2073-4433. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:7(2021), pp. 871.1-871.26. [10.3390/atmos12070871]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/314377
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