This article presents the application of the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) localization method for indoor positioning of ultrahigh-frequency (UHF)-radio frequency identification (RFID) tags when the robot-mounted reader antenna moves along multiple trajectories. By properly combining the phase data associated with a set of multiple paths, the whole length of the combined synthetic apertures enlarges, and then, the localization accuracy may improve. Besides, during consecutive inventory rounds, several tag position estimates are available, and they can be profitably combined to minimize the localization uncertainty. Different combination approaches are investigated to determine the best choice to improve the localization performance. The method capabilities are discussed through numerical analysis by considering different configurations of the multiple apertures and different measurement uncertainty sources. Finally, the proposed localization method is validated through an experimental analysis carried out with commercial RFID hardware and a robotic wheeled walker, in an indoor scenario, by employing different types of tags. The knowledge of the reader/robot trajectory required by the SAR method is here achieved with an optical system.

Robot-Based Indoor Positioning of UHF-RFID Tags: The SAR Method with Multiple Trajectories / Bernardini, Fabio; Buffi, Alice; Fontanelli, Daniele; Macii, David; Magnago, Valerio; Marracci, Mirko; Motroni, Andrea; Nepa, Paolo; Tellini, Bernardo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0018-9456. - ELETTRONICO. - 70:(2021), pp. 8001415.1-8001415.15. [10.1109/TIM.2020.3033728]

Robot-Based Indoor Positioning of UHF-RFID Tags: The SAR Method with Multiple Trajectories

Fontanelli, Daniele;Macii, David;Magnago, Valerio;
2021-01-01

Abstract

This article presents the application of the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) localization method for indoor positioning of ultrahigh-frequency (UHF)-radio frequency identification (RFID) tags when the robot-mounted reader antenna moves along multiple trajectories. By properly combining the phase data associated with a set of multiple paths, the whole length of the combined synthetic apertures enlarges, and then, the localization accuracy may improve. Besides, during consecutive inventory rounds, several tag position estimates are available, and they can be profitably combined to minimize the localization uncertainty. Different combination approaches are investigated to determine the best choice to improve the localization performance. The method capabilities are discussed through numerical analysis by considering different configurations of the multiple apertures and different measurement uncertainty sources. Finally, the proposed localization method is validated through an experimental analysis carried out with commercial RFID hardware and a robotic wheeled walker, in an indoor scenario, by employing different types of tags. The knowledge of the reader/robot trajectory required by the SAR method is here achieved with an optical system.
2021
Bernardini, Fabio; Buffi, Alice; Fontanelli, Daniele; Macii, David; Magnago, Valerio; Marracci, Mirko; Motroni, Andrea; Nepa, Paolo; Tellini, Bernardo
Robot-Based Indoor Positioning of UHF-RFID Tags: The SAR Method with Multiple Trajectories / Bernardini, Fabio; Buffi, Alice; Fontanelli, Daniele; Macii, David; Magnago, Valerio; Marracci, Mirko; Motroni, Andrea; Nepa, Paolo; Tellini, Bernardo. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0018-9456. - ELETTRONICO. - 70:(2021), pp. 8001415.1-8001415.15. [10.1109/TIM.2020.3033728]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/286840
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