Humans profoundly affect animal distributions by directly competing for space, not only transforming, but actively using their habitat. Anthropogenic disturbance is usually measured via structural proxies such as infrastructure and land use that overlook the impact of human presence, or functional disturbance. In this study, we propose a methodology unifying two paradigms, human mobility and animal movement, to fill this gap. We developed a novel spatially-explicit index of anthropic disturbance, the Cumulative Outdoor activity Index (COI), and validated it with ground truth observations derived from camera trapping (r = +0.63, p < 0.001). Building on previous work from Peters et al. (2015, Biol. Cons. 186, 123–133) on a Critically Endangered brown bear population in the Alps, we used Resource Selection Analysis to assess the influence of different forms of anthropogenic disturbance on the relative probability of habitat selection. The intensity of COI provided an effective measure of functional anthropogenic disturbance, and it outperformed all alternative and commonly-used proxies of structural disturbance in predicting bear habitat use. Our predictions suggest that brown bear shrinks its ecological niche as a consequence of intense human use of otherwise suitable habitat. These constraints may limit the potential range expansion of bears to establish a viable Alpine-Dinaric metapopulation. Conclusive conservation and future land use planning towards human-wildlife coexistence should account for the functional presence of humans on the landscape. The proposed COI could help determine where mitigation measures should be enforced.

Effects of cumulated outdoor activity on wildlife habitat use / Corradini, A.; Randles, M.; Pedrotti, L.; van Loon, E.; Passoni, G.; Oberosler, V.; Rovero, F.; Tattoni, C.; Ciolli, M.; Cagnacci, F.. - In: BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION. - ISSN 0006-3207. - STAMPA. - 2020/253:(2021), pp. 1088181-1088188. [10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108818]

Effects of cumulated outdoor activity on wildlife habitat use

Corradini A.;Tattoni C.;Ciolli M.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Humans profoundly affect animal distributions by directly competing for space, not only transforming, but actively using their habitat. Anthropogenic disturbance is usually measured via structural proxies such as infrastructure and land use that overlook the impact of human presence, or functional disturbance. In this study, we propose a methodology unifying two paradigms, human mobility and animal movement, to fill this gap. We developed a novel spatially-explicit index of anthropic disturbance, the Cumulative Outdoor activity Index (COI), and validated it with ground truth observations derived from camera trapping (r = +0.63, p < 0.001). Building on previous work from Peters et al. (2015, Biol. Cons. 186, 123–133) on a Critically Endangered brown bear population in the Alps, we used Resource Selection Analysis to assess the influence of different forms of anthropogenic disturbance on the relative probability of habitat selection. The intensity of COI provided an effective measure of functional anthropogenic disturbance, and it outperformed all alternative and commonly-used proxies of structural disturbance in predicting bear habitat use. Our predictions suggest that brown bear shrinks its ecological niche as a consequence of intense human use of otherwise suitable habitat. These constraints may limit the potential range expansion of bears to establish a viable Alpine-Dinaric metapopulation. Conclusive conservation and future land use planning towards human-wildlife coexistence should account for the functional presence of humans on the landscape. The proposed COI could help determine where mitigation measures should be enforced.
2021
Corradini, A.; Randles, M.; Pedrotti, L.; van Loon, E.; Passoni, G.; Oberosler, V.; Rovero, F.; Tattoni, C.; Ciolli, M.; Cagnacci, F.
Effects of cumulated outdoor activity on wildlife habitat use / Corradini, A.; Randles, M.; Pedrotti, L.; van Loon, E.; Passoni, G.; Oberosler, V.; Rovero, F.; Tattoni, C.; Ciolli, M.; Cagnacci, F.. - In: BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION. - ISSN 0006-3207. - STAMPA. - 2020/253:(2021), pp. 1088181-1088188. [10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108818]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/284911
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