Introduction: Selected-Ion Flow-Tube Mass Spectrometry (SIFT-MS) allows on line accurate quantification of several volatile organic compounds down to the ppb range [1]. The technique has been applied to different cases of breath analysis [2]–[5] but to the authors knowledge it has not been applied to monitor in nose flavor release during food consumption for a large population. In this work we describe a SIFT-MS based approach to measure in-vivo nose-space VOCs concentration during consumption of strawberries flavoured candies on a large healthy population with the aim to investigate the inter-individual variability in flavor release: nose space analysis might disclose new information regarding the interaction between products and consumers [6]. Methods: In this study the effect of gender, age and BMI on flavor release was investigated. Ninety-two volunteers (60.87 % female) between 22 to 68 years old (mean= 40.89; SD= 11.86) participated in the study. Each subject, after filling in a socio-demographic questionnaire, consumed a strawberry candy following a specific bite-based procedure supported by a video tool. Simultaneously nose-space analysis with a SIFT-MS machine was carried out (SYFT VOICE 200 ultra, Syft Ltd, New Zealand). Each subject performed at least 3 replicates of the same sample. Results: With the set up used it was possible to monitor in real time 7 different aroma compounds released by the candy (ethyl maltol, 3-hexen-1-ol, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, ethyl butanoate, ethyl hexanoate, 2-methylbutanoic acid) and acetone as marker of the participant breathing cycle. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed a possible effect of age and BMI on the flavor release signals. Both age and BMI were found to have a slightly negative correlation with in-nose aroma release for three of the monitored compounds (Pearson correlation, p.value<0,05). Significant differences were found in hexenyl acetate and acetone levels (Welch t-test p.value <0.01) between males and females: in both cases females presented higher in-nose levels. The study is part of a broader study that aims to evaluate the Italian olfactory function (COLFIT PROJECT) and here some preliminary results of the explorative data analysis are presented. Conclusions Real time mass spectrometry analysis by SIFT-MS can detect and monitor in-vivo volatile organic compounds release during candies consumption. For the first time the analysis was applied to a large sample of the population with the aim to characterize how physiological factors like age, gender, BMI and eating behaviors affect in nose aroma release. The results suggest an effect of age on aroma release and an effect of BMI that might be used to study more in details some aspects underlying the retronasal perception mechanisms. Novel Aspect:Real time direct injection mass spectrometric analysis through SIFT-MS is a powerful tool to realize population screening and investigate flavor release mechanisms.

Exploring inter-individual differences in in-vivo flavour release by SIFT-MS / Pedrotti, M.; Menghi, L.; Khomenko, I.; Carretta, A.; Aprea, E.; Cavazzana, A.; Hummel, T.; Gasperi, F.; Biasioli, F.. - (2018), pp. 373-374. ((Intervento presentato al convegno IMSC 2018: XXII International Mass Spectrometry Conference tenutosi a Florence, Italy nel 26-31 agosto, 2018.

Exploring inter-individual differences in in-vivo flavour release by SIFT-MS

Aprea, E.;Gasperi, F.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Selected-Ion Flow-Tube Mass Spectrometry (SIFT-MS) allows on line accurate quantification of several volatile organic compounds down to the ppb range [1]. The technique has been applied to different cases of breath analysis [2]–[5] but to the authors knowledge it has not been applied to monitor in nose flavor release during food consumption for a large population. In this work we describe a SIFT-MS based approach to measure in-vivo nose-space VOCs concentration during consumption of strawberries flavoured candies on a large healthy population with the aim to investigate the inter-individual variability in flavor release: nose space analysis might disclose new information regarding the interaction between products and consumers [6]. Methods: In this study the effect of gender, age and BMI on flavor release was investigated. Ninety-two volunteers (60.87 % female) between 22 to 68 years old (mean= 40.89; SD= 11.86) participated in the study. Each subject, after filling in a socio-demographic questionnaire, consumed a strawberry candy following a specific bite-based procedure supported by a video tool. Simultaneously nose-space analysis with a SIFT-MS machine was carried out (SYFT VOICE 200 ultra, Syft Ltd, New Zealand). Each subject performed at least 3 replicates of the same sample. Results: With the set up used it was possible to monitor in real time 7 different aroma compounds released by the candy (ethyl maltol, 3-hexen-1-ol, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate, ethyl butanoate, ethyl hexanoate, 2-methylbutanoic acid) and acetone as marker of the participant breathing cycle. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed a possible effect of age and BMI on the flavor release signals. Both age and BMI were found to have a slightly negative correlation with in-nose aroma release for three of the monitored compounds (Pearson correlation, p.value<0,05). Significant differences were found in hexenyl acetate and acetone levels (Welch t-test p.value <0.01) between males and females: in both cases females presented higher in-nose levels. The study is part of a broader study that aims to evaluate the Italian olfactory function (COLFIT PROJECT) and here some preliminary results of the explorative data analysis are presented. Conclusions Real time mass spectrometry analysis by SIFT-MS can detect and monitor in-vivo volatile organic compounds release during candies consumption. For the first time the analysis was applied to a large sample of the population with the aim to characterize how physiological factors like age, gender, BMI and eating behaviors affect in nose aroma release. The results suggest an effect of age on aroma release and an effect of BMI that might be used to study more in details some aspects underlying the retronasal perception mechanisms. Novel Aspect:Real time direct injection mass spectrometric analysis through SIFT-MS is a powerful tool to realize population screening and investigate flavor release mechanisms.
IMSC 2018: XXII International Mass Spectrometry Conference, Florence, Italy, 26-31 August 2018
ITA
Società chimica italiana
9788890738852
Exploring inter-individual differences in in-vivo flavour release by SIFT-MS / Pedrotti, M.; Menghi, L.; Khomenko, I.; Carretta, A.; Aprea, E.; Cavazzana, A.; Hummel, T.; Gasperi, F.; Biasioli, F.. - (2018), pp. 373-374. ((Intervento presentato al convegno IMSC 2018: XXII International Mass Spectrometry Conference tenutosi a Florence, Italy nel 26-31 agosto, 2018.
Pedrotti, M.; Menghi, L.; Khomenko, I.; Carretta, A.; Aprea, E.; Cavazzana, A.; Hummel, T.; Gasperi, F.; Biasioli, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/252098
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