The current study focuses on the recovery of grape seed oil by supercritical CO2 extraction. Grape seeds from six grape cultivars were extracted in two subsequent harvesting years, and the resulting oils were characterized for the relative amount of: a) lipid classes; b) lipid acyl chains; and c) tocopherols and tocotrienols. Comparative extractions were performed by utilizing n-hexane as solvent and by mechanical pressure. A well-established modeling approach was applied to evaluate the mass transfer parameters affecting the kinetics of supercritical CO2 extraction: with these parameters, process scale-up can be addressed. The results reported in this study testify the potentiality of grape seed oil as a source of unsaturated fatty acids and tocols. Moreover, they offer a clear picture of the similarities and differences among oils from different grape cultivars and obtained through different extraction techniques.
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|Titolo:||Supercritical CO2 extraction of oil from seeds of six grape cultivars: modeling of mass transfer kinetics and evaluation of lipid profiles and tocol contents|
|Autori:||Fiori, Luca; V., Lavelli; Duba, Kurabachew Simon; P. S. C., Sri Harsha; H. B., Mohamed; Guella, Graziano|
|Titolo del periodico:||THE JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84905561516|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000343625800009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.supflu.2014.06.021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|