Neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and FTIR were used to examine a Corinthian-type bronze helmet which is now on display at The Manchester Museum, UK. This type of helmet was manufactured out of a single piece of bronze, probably on a rod-anvil, and like all body-armour it was made to measure. Neutron diffraction sampling of the bronze volume in different areas was used to study the composition, microstructure and crystallographic texture of the alloy in order to draw conclusions about the manufacturing processes. The neutron data revealed the presence of microstrains and non-random distributions of bronze grains hinting at annealing-hammering working cycles in order to harden and shape the alloy. X-ray fluorescence showed that the main body of the helmet is a copper–tin alloy, while the noseguard contains zinc in high abundance. This key compositional difference confirms that the noseguard is not the original but is a modern substitute fabricated for restoration purposes. SR XRD and FTIR from several spots on the head and noseguard identified several surface corrosion products and showed a variation of the Cu–Sn or Cu–Zn percentage compositions, and of the mineral phases. Small samples of corrosion flakes extracted from the outside and inside of the helmet were used to obtain powder XRD patterns.
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|Titolo:||Neutron and X-ray characterisation of the metallurgical properties of a 7th century BC Corinthian-type bronze helmet|
|Autori:||E. Pantos; W. Kockelmann; L.C. Chapon; L. Lutterotti; S.L. Bennet; M.J. Tobin; J.F.W. Mosselmans; T. Pradell; N. Salvado; S. Butí; R. Garner; A.J.N.W. Prag|
|Titolo del periodico:||NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION B, BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||1-2|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-25144457059|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000233514700003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.nimb.2005.06.077|
|Citazione:||Neutron and X-ray characterisation of the metallurgical properties of a 7th century BC Corinthian-type bronze helmet / E. Pantos; W. Kockelmann; L.C. Chapon; L. Lutterotti; S.L. Bennet; M.J. Tobin; J.F.W. Mosselmans; T. Pradell; N. Salvado; S. Butí; R. Garner; A.J.N.W. Prag. - In: NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION B, BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS. - ISSN 0168-583X. - STAMPA. - 239:1-2(2005), pp. 16-26.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|