: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly lethal malignancy that represents a significant challenge in cancer research and clinical management. In this study, we reanalyzed a published single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) dataset from PDAC and adjacent tissues to investigate the heterogeneity of tumor and normal tissue, specifically focusing on the regulatory T cells (Tregs) and their interactions with other cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Treg cells were identified and clustered into natural Tregs (nTreg) and induced Tregs (iTreg) based on the expression of specific genes. It was found that the number of iTregs was higher in the tumor than in healthy tissues, while the number of n Tregs was higher in healthy tissues. Differential gene expression analysis was performed, and biological process analysis revealed that the Tregs in PDAC were mostly involved in protein targeting and translation pathways. In addition, ligand-receptor pairs between Tregs and other cell types were identified, and the critical communication pathways between Tregs and endothelial and ductal cells were revealed, which could potentially contribute to the immunosuppressive TME of PDAC. These findings provide insights into the role of Tregs in PDAC and their interactions with other cell types in the TME, highlighting potential targets for immunotherapy, such as the inhibitory immune checkpoint receptors CTLA4 and TIGIT, which are known to be expressed on Tregs and have been shown to play a role in suppressing anti-tumor immune responses.

Targeting the dynamic transcriptional landscape of Treg subpopulations in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: Insights from single-cell RNA sequencing analysis with a focus on CTLA4 and TIGIT / Miraki Feriz, Adib; Khosrojerdi, Arezou; Erfanian, Nafiseh; Azarkar, Setareh; Sajjadi, Seyed Mehdi; Shojaei, Mohammad Javad; Vaferi, Mohammad Javad; Safarpour, Hossein; Racanelli, Vito. - In: IMMUNOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0171-2985. - 229:4(2024). [10.1016/j.imbio.2024.152822]

Targeting the dynamic transcriptional landscape of Treg subpopulations in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: Insights from single-cell RNA sequencing analysis with a focus on CTLA4 and TIGIT

Racanelli, Vito
2024-01-01

Abstract

: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly lethal malignancy that represents a significant challenge in cancer research and clinical management. In this study, we reanalyzed a published single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) dataset from PDAC and adjacent tissues to investigate the heterogeneity of tumor and normal tissue, specifically focusing on the regulatory T cells (Tregs) and their interactions with other cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Treg cells were identified and clustered into natural Tregs (nTreg) and induced Tregs (iTreg) based on the expression of specific genes. It was found that the number of iTregs was higher in the tumor than in healthy tissues, while the number of n Tregs was higher in healthy tissues. Differential gene expression analysis was performed, and biological process analysis revealed that the Tregs in PDAC were mostly involved in protein targeting and translation pathways. In addition, ligand-receptor pairs between Tregs and other cell types were identified, and the critical communication pathways between Tregs and endothelial and ductal cells were revealed, which could potentially contribute to the immunosuppressive TME of PDAC. These findings provide insights into the role of Tregs in PDAC and their interactions with other cell types in the TME, highlighting potential targets for immunotherapy, such as the inhibitory immune checkpoint receptors CTLA4 and TIGIT, which are known to be expressed on Tregs and have been shown to play a role in suppressing anti-tumor immune responses.
2024
4
Miraki Feriz, Adib; Khosrojerdi, Arezou; Erfanian, Nafiseh; Azarkar, Setareh; Sajjadi, Seyed Mehdi; Shojaei, Mohammad Javad; Vaferi, Mohammad Javad; S...espandi
Targeting the dynamic transcriptional landscape of Treg subpopulations in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma: Insights from single-cell RNA sequencing analysis with a focus on CTLA4 and TIGIT / Miraki Feriz, Adib; Khosrojerdi, Arezou; Erfanian, Nafiseh; Azarkar, Setareh; Sajjadi, Seyed Mehdi; Shojaei, Mohammad Javad; Vaferi, Mohammad Javad; Safarpour, Hossein; Racanelli, Vito. - In: IMMUNOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0171-2985. - 229:4(2024). [10.1016/j.imbio.2024.152822]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/412690
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