Background: Previous studies reported default mode network (DMN) and limbic network (LIN) brain perfusion deficits in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), frequently a prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the validity of these measures as AD markers has not yet been tested using MRI arterial spin labeling (ASL). Objective: To investigate the convergent and discriminant validity of DMN and LIN perfusion in aMCI. Methods: We collected core AD markers (amyloid-β 42 [Aβ42], phosphorylated tau 181 levels in cerebrospinal fluid [CSF]), neurodegenerative (hippocampal volumes and CSF total tau), vascular (white matter hyperintensities), genetic (apolipoprotein E [APOE] status), and cognitive features (memory functioning on Paired Associate Learning test [PAL]) in 14 aMCI patients. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was extracted from DMN and LIN using ASL and correlated with AD features to assess convergent validity. Discriminant validity was assessed carrying out the same analysis with AD-unrelated features, i.e., somatomotor and visual networks' perfusion, cerebellar volume, and processing speed. Results: Perfusion was reduced in the DMN (F = 5.486, p = 0.039) and LIN (F = 12.678, p = 0.004) in APOE ɛ4 carriers compared to non-carriers. LIN perfusion correlated with CSF Aβ42 levels (r = 0.678, p = 0.022) and memory impairment (PAL, number of errors, r = -0.779, p = 0.002). No significant correlation was detected with tau, neurodegeneration, and vascular features, nor with AD-unrelated features. Conclusion: Our results support the validity of DMN and LIN ASL perfusion as AD markers in aMCI, indicating a significant correlation between CBF and amyloidosis, APOE ɛ4, and memory impairment.

Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Default Mode Network and Limbic Network Perfusion in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients / Quattrini, Giulia; Marizzoni, Moira; Pizzini, Francesca B; Galazzo, Ilaria Boscolo; Aiello, Marco; Didic, Mira; Soricelli, Andrea; Albani, Diego; Romano, Melissa; Blin, Olivier; Forloni, Gianluigi; Golay, Xavier; Jovicich, Jorge; Nathan, Pradeep J; Richardson, Jill C; Salvatore, Marco; Frisoni, Giovanni B; Pievani, Michela. - In: JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE. - ISSN 1875-8908. - 82:4(2021), pp. 1797-1808. [10.3233/JAD-210531]

Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Default Mode Network and Limbic Network Perfusion in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients

Quattrini, Giulia;Galazzo, Ilaria Boscolo;Aiello, Marco;Jovicich, Jorge;Salvatore, Marco;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background: Previous studies reported default mode network (DMN) and limbic network (LIN) brain perfusion deficits in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), frequently a prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the validity of these measures as AD markers has not yet been tested using MRI arterial spin labeling (ASL). Objective: To investigate the convergent and discriminant validity of DMN and LIN perfusion in aMCI. Methods: We collected core AD markers (amyloid-β 42 [Aβ42], phosphorylated tau 181 levels in cerebrospinal fluid [CSF]), neurodegenerative (hippocampal volumes and CSF total tau), vascular (white matter hyperintensities), genetic (apolipoprotein E [APOE] status), and cognitive features (memory functioning on Paired Associate Learning test [PAL]) in 14 aMCI patients. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was extracted from DMN and LIN using ASL and correlated with AD features to assess convergent validity. Discriminant validity was assessed carrying out the same analysis with AD-unrelated features, i.e., somatomotor and visual networks' perfusion, cerebellar volume, and processing speed. Results: Perfusion was reduced in the DMN (F = 5.486, p = 0.039) and LIN (F = 12.678, p = 0.004) in APOE ɛ4 carriers compared to non-carriers. LIN perfusion correlated with CSF Aβ42 levels (r = 0.678, p = 0.022) and memory impairment (PAL, number of errors, r = -0.779, p = 0.002). No significant correlation was detected with tau, neurodegeneration, and vascular features, nor with AD-unrelated features. Conclusion: Our results support the validity of DMN and LIN ASL perfusion as AD markers in aMCI, indicating a significant correlation between CBF and amyloidosis, APOE ɛ4, and memory impairment.
2021
4
Quattrini, Giulia; Marizzoni, Moira; Pizzini, Francesca B; Galazzo, Ilaria Boscolo; Aiello, Marco; Didic, Mira; Soricelli, Andrea; Albani, Diego; Romano, Melissa; Blin, Olivier; Forloni, Gianluigi; Golay, Xavier; Jovicich, Jorge; Nathan, Pradeep J; Richardson, Jill C; Salvatore, Marco; Frisoni, Giovanni B; Pievani, Michela
Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Default Mode Network and Limbic Network Perfusion in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients / Quattrini, Giulia; Marizzoni, Moira; Pizzini, Francesca B; Galazzo, Ilaria Boscolo; Aiello, Marco; Didic, Mira; Soricelli, Andrea; Albani, Diego; Romano, Melissa; Blin, Olivier; Forloni, Gianluigi; Golay, Xavier; Jovicich, Jorge; Nathan, Pradeep J; Richardson, Jill C; Salvatore, Marco; Frisoni, Giovanni B; Pievani, Michela. - In: JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE. - ISSN 1875-8908. - 82:4(2021), pp. 1797-1808. [10.3233/JAD-210531]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/408272
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