Knowledge about the anatomical structures of the left heart, specifically the atrium (LA) and ventricle (i.e., endocardium-Vendo-and epicardium-LVepi) is essential for the evaluation of cardiac functionality. Manual segmentation of cardiac structures from echocardiography is the baseline reference, but results are user-dependent and time-consuming. With the aim of supporting clinical practice, this paper presents a new deep-learning (DL)-based tool for segmenting anatomical structures of the left heart from echocardiographic images. Specifically, it was designed as a combination of two convolutional neural networks, the YOLOv7 algorithm and a U-Net, and it aims to automatically segment an echocardiographic image into LVendo, LVepi and LA. The DL-based tool was trained and tested on the Cardiac Acquisitions for Multi-Structure Ultrasound Segmentation (CAMUS) dataset of the University Hospital of St. Etienne, which consists of echocardiographic images from 450 patients. For each patient, apical two- and four-chamber views at end-systole and end-diastole were acquired and annotated by clinicians. Globally, our DL-based tool was able to segment LVendo, LVepi and LA, providing Dice similarity coefficients equal to 92.63%, 85.59%, and 87.57%, respectively. In conclusion, the presented DL-based tool proved to be reliable in automatically segmenting the anatomical structures of the left heart and supporting the cardiological clinical practice.

Segmentation of Anatomical Structures of the Left Heart from Echocardiographic Images Using Deep Learning / Mortada, Mhd Jafar; Tomassini, Selene; Anbar, Haidar; Morettini, Micaela; Burattini, Laura; Sbrollini, Agnese. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:10(2023), pp. 168301-168311. [10.3390/diagnostics13101683]

Segmentation of Anatomical Structures of the Left Heart from Echocardiographic Images Using Deep Learning

Tomassini, Selene;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Knowledge about the anatomical structures of the left heart, specifically the atrium (LA) and ventricle (i.e., endocardium-Vendo-and epicardium-LVepi) is essential for the evaluation of cardiac functionality. Manual segmentation of cardiac structures from echocardiography is the baseline reference, but results are user-dependent and time-consuming. With the aim of supporting clinical practice, this paper presents a new deep-learning (DL)-based tool for segmenting anatomical structures of the left heart from echocardiographic images. Specifically, it was designed as a combination of two convolutional neural networks, the YOLOv7 algorithm and a U-Net, and it aims to automatically segment an echocardiographic image into LVendo, LVepi and LA. The DL-based tool was trained and tested on the Cardiac Acquisitions for Multi-Structure Ultrasound Segmentation (CAMUS) dataset of the University Hospital of St. Etienne, which consists of echocardiographic images from 450 patients. For each patient, apical two- and four-chamber views at end-systole and end-diastole were acquired and annotated by clinicians. Globally, our DL-based tool was able to segment LVendo, LVepi and LA, providing Dice similarity coefficients equal to 92.63%, 85.59%, and 87.57%, respectively. In conclusion, the presented DL-based tool proved to be reliable in automatically segmenting the anatomical structures of the left heart and supporting the cardiological clinical practice.
2023
10
Mortada, Mhd Jafar; Tomassini, Selene; Anbar, Haidar; Morettini, Micaela; Burattini, Laura; Sbrollini, Agnese
Segmentation of Anatomical Structures of the Left Heart from Echocardiographic Images Using Deep Learning / Mortada, Mhd Jafar; Tomassini, Selene; Anbar, Haidar; Morettini, Micaela; Burattini, Laura; Sbrollini, Agnese. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:10(2023), pp. 168301-168311. [10.3390/diagnostics13101683]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/403289
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