This work presents a novel method to reconstruct the frequency-wavenumber spectrum of water waves based on the complex acoustic Doppler spectra of scattered sound measured with an array of microphones. The reconstruction is based on a first-order small-roughness-amplitude expansion of the acoustic wave scattering equation, which is discretized and inverted by means of a singular value decomposition. An analogy of this approach to the first-order Bragg scattering problem is demonstrated by means of a stationary phase expansion. The approach enables the reconstruction of the dispersion relation of water waves when the ratio between roughness height and acoustic wavelength is less than 0.1, and when the surface wavelength is larger than 1/2 of the acoustic wavelength. The method is validated against synthetic data and data from laboratory and field experiments, to demonstrate its applicability to 2-D and 3-D complex patterns of water waves, and specifically to the surface deformations that arise naturally in a turbulent open-channel flow. Fitting the reconstructed data with the analytical dispersion relation enables the noncontact estimate of the underlying flow velocity for hydraulic conditions where the coexistence of different types of turbulence-forced and freely propagating water waves would limit the accuracy of standard noncontact Doppler velocimetry approaches, paving the way for robust and accurate noncontact river monitoring using acoustics.

Reconstruction of the Frequency-Wavenumber Spectrum of Water Waves With an Airborne Acoustic Doppler Array for Noncontact River Monitoring / Dolcetti, Giulio; Krynkin, Anton; Alkmim, Mansour; Cuenca, Jacques; De Ryck, Laurent; Sailor, Gavin; Muraro, Fabio; Tait, Simon J.; Horoshenkov, Kirill V.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 0196-2892. - 62:(2024), pp. -14. [10.1109/TGRS.2024.3358672]

Reconstruction of the Frequency-Wavenumber Spectrum of Water Waves With an Airborne Acoustic Doppler Array for Noncontact River Monitoring

Giulio Dolcetti
Primo
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

This work presents a novel method to reconstruct the frequency-wavenumber spectrum of water waves based on the complex acoustic Doppler spectra of scattered sound measured with an array of microphones. The reconstruction is based on a first-order small-roughness-amplitude expansion of the acoustic wave scattering equation, which is discretized and inverted by means of a singular value decomposition. An analogy of this approach to the first-order Bragg scattering problem is demonstrated by means of a stationary phase expansion. The approach enables the reconstruction of the dispersion relation of water waves when the ratio between roughness height and acoustic wavelength is less than 0.1, and when the surface wavelength is larger than 1/2 of the acoustic wavelength. The method is validated against synthetic data and data from laboratory and field experiments, to demonstrate its applicability to 2-D and 3-D complex patterns of water waves, and specifically to the surface deformations that arise naturally in a turbulent open-channel flow. Fitting the reconstructed data with the analytical dispersion relation enables the noncontact estimate of the underlying flow velocity for hydraulic conditions where the coexistence of different types of turbulence-forced and freely propagating water waves would limit the accuracy of standard noncontact Doppler velocimetry approaches, paving the way for robust and accurate noncontact river monitoring using acoustics.
2024
Dolcetti, Giulio; Krynkin, Anton; Alkmim, Mansour; Cuenca, Jacques; De Ryck, Laurent; Sailor, Gavin; Muraro, Fabio; Tait, Simon J.; Horoshenkov, Kirill V.
Reconstruction of the Frequency-Wavenumber Spectrum of Water Waves With an Airborne Acoustic Doppler Array for Noncontact River Monitoring / Dolcetti, Giulio; Krynkin, Anton; Alkmim, Mansour; Cuenca, Jacques; De Ryck, Laurent; Sailor, Gavin; Muraro, Fabio; Tait, Simon J.; Horoshenkov, Kirill V.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 0196-2892. - 62:(2024), pp. -14. [10.1109/TGRS.2024.3358672]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/402290
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