It is well known that the neutrino flavor in extreme astrophysical environments changes under the effect of three contributions: the vacuum oscillation, the interaction with the surrounding matter, and the collective oscillations due to interactions between different neutrinos. The latter adds a nonlinear contribution to the equations of motion, making the description of their dynamics complex. In this work we study various strategies to simulate the coherent collective oscillations of a system of N neutrinos in the two-flavor approximation using quantum computation. This was achieved by using a pair-neutrino decomposition designed to account for the fact that the flavor Hamiltonian, in the presence of the neutrino -neutrino term, presents an all-to-all interaction that makes the implementation of the evolution dependent on the qubit topology. We analyze the Trotter error caused by the decomposition demonstrating that the complexity of the implementation of time evolution scales polynomially with the number of neutrinos and that the noise from near-term quantum device simulation can be reduced by optimizing the quantum circuit decomposition and exploiting a full-qubit connectivity. We find that the gate complexity using second order Trotter-Suzuki formulas scales better with system size than with other decomposition methods such as quantum signal processing. We finally present the application and the results of our algorithm on a real quantum device based on trapped-ion qubits.

Trapped-ion quantum simulation of collective neutrino oscillations / Amitrano, Valentina; Roggero, Alessandro; Luchi, Piero; Turro, Francesco; Vespucci, Luca; Pederiva, Francesco. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 107:2(2023), p. 023007. [10.1103/physrevd.107.023007]

Trapped-ion quantum simulation of collective neutrino oscillations

Valentina Amitrano;Alessandro Roggero;Piero Luchi;Francesco Turro;Luca Vespucci;Francesco Pederiva
2023-01-01

Abstract

It is well known that the neutrino flavor in extreme astrophysical environments changes under the effect of three contributions: the vacuum oscillation, the interaction with the surrounding matter, and the collective oscillations due to interactions between different neutrinos. The latter adds a nonlinear contribution to the equations of motion, making the description of their dynamics complex. In this work we study various strategies to simulate the coherent collective oscillations of a system of N neutrinos in the two-flavor approximation using quantum computation. This was achieved by using a pair-neutrino decomposition designed to account for the fact that the flavor Hamiltonian, in the presence of the neutrino -neutrino term, presents an all-to-all interaction that makes the implementation of the evolution dependent on the qubit topology. We analyze the Trotter error caused by the decomposition demonstrating that the complexity of the implementation of time evolution scales polynomially with the number of neutrinos and that the noise from near-term quantum device simulation can be reduced by optimizing the quantum circuit decomposition and exploiting a full-qubit connectivity. We find that the gate complexity using second order Trotter-Suzuki formulas scales better with system size than with other decomposition methods such as quantum signal processing. We finally present the application and the results of our algorithm on a real quantum device based on trapped-ion qubits.
2023
2
Amitrano, Valentina; Roggero, Alessandro; Luchi, Piero; Turro, Francesco; Vespucci, Luca; Pederiva, Francesco
Trapped-ion quantum simulation of collective neutrino oscillations / Amitrano, Valentina; Roggero, Alessandro; Luchi, Piero; Turro, Francesco; Vespucci, Luca; Pederiva, Francesco. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 107:2(2023), p. 023007. [10.1103/physrevd.107.023007]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/387892
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