Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Dysregulated immune responses have been implicated in MS development. Growing evidence has indicated that inhibitory immune checkpoint molecules can substantially regulate immune responses and maintain immune tolerance. V-domain Ig suppressor of T cell activation (VISTA) is a novel inhibitory immune checkpoint molecule that can suppress immune responses; however, its expression pattern in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) has not thoroughly been studied. Herein, we evaluated Vsir expression in PBMCs of RRMS patients and characterized the expression pattern of the Vsir in the PBMCs of MS patients. Besides, we investigated the effect of fingolimod, IFNβ-1α, glatiramer acetate (GA), and dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on Vsir expression in PBMCs of RRMS patients. Our results have shown that Vsir expression is significantly downregulated in the PBMCs of patients with RRMS. Besides, the single-cell RNA sequencing results have demonstrated that Vsir expression is downregulated in classical monocyte, intermediate monocytes, non-classical monocytes, myeloid DCs (mDC), Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), and naive B-cells of PBMCs of MS patients compared to the control. In addition, DMF, IFNβ-1α, and GA have significantly upregulated Vsir expression in the PBMCs of RRMS patients. Collectively, the current study has shed light on Vsir expression in the PBMCs of MS patients; however, further studies are needed to elucidate the significance of VISTA in the mentioned immune cells.

The expression pattern of VISTA in the PBMCs of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients: A single-cell RNA sequencing-based study / Derakhshani, A.; Asadzadeh, Z.; Baradaran, B.; Safarpour, H.; Rahmani, S.; Leone, P.; Abdoli Shadbad, M.; Hosseinkhani, N.; Ghasemigol, M.; Ayromlou, H.; Ahmadi, H.; Pouya, S.; Shojaee, M.; Tabrizi, N. J.; Miraki Feriz, A.; Safarzadeh, E.; Racanelli, V.. - In: BIOMÉDECINE & PHARMACOTHÉRAPIE. - ISSN 0753-3322. - 148:(2022), pp. 1127251-1127256. [10.1016/j.biopha.2022.112725]

The expression pattern of VISTA in the PBMCs of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients: A single-cell RNA sequencing-based study

Racanelli V.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Dysregulated immune responses have been implicated in MS development. Growing evidence has indicated that inhibitory immune checkpoint molecules can substantially regulate immune responses and maintain immune tolerance. V-domain Ig suppressor of T cell activation (VISTA) is a novel inhibitory immune checkpoint molecule that can suppress immune responses; however, its expression pattern in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) has not thoroughly been studied. Herein, we evaluated Vsir expression in PBMCs of RRMS patients and characterized the expression pattern of the Vsir in the PBMCs of MS patients. Besides, we investigated the effect of fingolimod, IFNβ-1α, glatiramer acetate (GA), and dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on Vsir expression in PBMCs of RRMS patients. Our results have shown that Vsir expression is significantly downregulated in the PBMCs of patients with RRMS. Besides, the single-cell RNA sequencing results have demonstrated that Vsir expression is downregulated in classical monocyte, intermediate monocytes, non-classical monocytes, myeloid DCs (mDC), Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), and naive B-cells of PBMCs of MS patients compared to the control. In addition, DMF, IFNβ-1α, and GA have significantly upregulated Vsir expression in the PBMCs of RRMS patients. Collectively, the current study has shed light on Vsir expression in the PBMCs of MS patients; however, further studies are needed to elucidate the significance of VISTA in the mentioned immune cells.
2022
Derakhshani, A.; Asadzadeh, Z.; Baradaran, B.; Safarpour, H.; Rahmani, S.; Leone, P.; Abdoli Shadbad, M.; Hosseinkhani, N.; Ghasemigol, M.; Ayromlou, H.; Ahmadi, H.; Pouya, S.; Shojaee, M.; Tabrizi, N. J.; Miraki Feriz, A.; Safarzadeh, E.; Racanelli, V.
The expression pattern of VISTA in the PBMCs of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients: A single-cell RNA sequencing-based study / Derakhshani, A.; Asadzadeh, Z.; Baradaran, B.; Safarpour, H.; Rahmani, S.; Leone, P.; Abdoli Shadbad, M.; Hosseinkhani, N.; Ghasemigol, M.; Ayromlou, H.; Ahmadi, H.; Pouya, S.; Shojaee, M.; Tabrizi, N. J.; Miraki Feriz, A.; Safarzadeh, E.; Racanelli, V.. - In: BIOMÉDECINE & PHARMACOTHÉRAPIE. - ISSN 0753-3322. - 148:(2022), pp. 1127251-1127256. [10.1016/j.biopha.2022.112725]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/386860
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