The painted bug, Bagrada hilaris, is an agricultural pest in its original areas (Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East), and it has recently been recorded as an invasive species in southwestern part of the US, Chile, Mexico, and two islands in the Mediterranean basin. Its polyphagous diet causes severe damage to economically important crops. The control of this pest is primarily achieved by means of synthetic pesticides, which are often expensive, ineffective, and harmful to the ecosystem. Recent physiological bioassays to assess its potential control through the sterile insect technique demonstrated that mating between untreated females and males irradiated at doses of 64 and 100 Gy, respectively, resulted in 90% and 100% sterility of the eggs produced by the females. In this study, the mating abilities of virgin males irradiated at 60 and 100 Gy with virgin females were measured through a study of short-range courtship mediated by vibrational communication. The results indicate that males irradiated at 100 Gy emit signals with lower peak frequencies, mate significantly less than unirradiated males do, and do not surpass the early stages of courtship. Conversely, males irradiated at 60 Gy present vibrational signal frequencies that are comparable to those of the control and successfully mated males. Our findings suggest that B. hilaris individuals irradiated at 60 Gy are good candidates for the control of this species, given that they retain sexual competitiveness regardless of their sterility, through an area-wide program that incorporates the sterile insect technique.

The Effect of the Sterile Insect Technique on Vibrational Communication: The Case of Bagrada hilaris (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) / Peccerillo, Chiara; Mainardi, Chiara Elvira; Nieri, Rachele; Fouani, Jalal Melhem; Cemmi, Alessia; Cristofaro, Massimo; Anfora, Gianfranco; Mazzoni, Valerio. - In: INSECTS. - ISSN 2075-4450. - 14:4(2023), pp. 35301-35313. [10.3390/insects14040353]

The Effect of the Sterile Insect Technique on Vibrational Communication: The Case of Bagrada hilaris (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)

Peccerillo, Chiara;Nieri, Rachele;Anfora, Gianfranco
;
Mazzoni, Valerio
2023-01-01

Abstract

The painted bug, Bagrada hilaris, is an agricultural pest in its original areas (Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East), and it has recently been recorded as an invasive species in southwestern part of the US, Chile, Mexico, and two islands in the Mediterranean basin. Its polyphagous diet causes severe damage to economically important crops. The control of this pest is primarily achieved by means of synthetic pesticides, which are often expensive, ineffective, and harmful to the ecosystem. Recent physiological bioassays to assess its potential control through the sterile insect technique demonstrated that mating between untreated females and males irradiated at doses of 64 and 100 Gy, respectively, resulted in 90% and 100% sterility of the eggs produced by the females. In this study, the mating abilities of virgin males irradiated at 60 and 100 Gy with virgin females were measured through a study of short-range courtship mediated by vibrational communication. The results indicate that males irradiated at 100 Gy emit signals with lower peak frequencies, mate significantly less than unirradiated males do, and do not surpass the early stages of courtship. Conversely, males irradiated at 60 Gy present vibrational signal frequencies that are comparable to those of the control and successfully mated males. Our findings suggest that B. hilaris individuals irradiated at 60 Gy are good candidates for the control of this species, given that they retain sexual competitiveness regardless of their sterility, through an area-wide program that incorporates the sterile insect technique.
2023
4
Peccerillo, Chiara; Mainardi, Chiara Elvira; Nieri, Rachele; Fouani, Jalal Melhem; Cemmi, Alessia; Cristofaro, Massimo; Anfora, Gianfranco; Mazzoni, Valerio
The Effect of the Sterile Insect Technique on Vibrational Communication: The Case of Bagrada hilaris (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) / Peccerillo, Chiara; Mainardi, Chiara Elvira; Nieri, Rachele; Fouani, Jalal Melhem; Cemmi, Alessia; Cristofaro, Massimo; Anfora, Gianfranco; Mazzoni, Valerio. - In: INSECTS. - ISSN 2075-4450. - 14:4(2023), pp. 35301-35313. [10.3390/insects14040353]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/375668
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