Background Currently, evaluation of the IgG antibodies specific for the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein following vaccination is used worldwide to estimate vaccine response. Limited data are available on vaccine-elicited IgM antibodies and their potential implication in immunity to SARS-CoV-2.Methods We performed a longitudinal study to quantify anti-S SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgM (IgG-S and IgM-S) in health care worker (HCW) recipients of the BNT162b2 vaccine. Samples were collected before administration (T0), at the second dose (T1) and three weeks after T1 (T2). The cohort included 1584 immunologically nay spacing diaeresis ve to SARSCoV-2 (IN) and 289 with history of previous infection (PI).Findings IN showed three patterns of responses: (a) IgG positive/IgM negative (36.1%), (b) coordinated IgM-S/IgGS responses appearing at T1 (37.4%) and (c) IgM appearing after IgG (26.3%). Coordinated IgM-S/IgG-S responses were associated with higher IgG titres. In IgM-S positive PI, 64.5% were IgM-S positive before vaccination, whereas 32% and 3.5% developed IgM-S after the first and second vaccine dose, respectively. IgM-S positive sera had higher pseudovirus neutralization titres compared to the IgM-S negative.Interpretation Coordinated expression of IgG-S and IgM-S after vaccination was associated with a significantly more efficient response in both antibody levels and virus-neutralizing activity. The unconventional IgG-S positive/ IgM-S negative responses may suggest a recruitment of cross coronaviruses immunity by vaccination, warranting further investigation.

SARS-CoV-2 vaccination elicits unconventional IgM specific responses in naïve and previously COVID-19-infected individuals / Ruggiero, Alessandra; Piubelli, Chiara; Calciano, Lucia; Accordini, Simone; Valenti, Maria Teresa; Carbonare, Luca Dalle; Siracusano, Gabriel; Temperton, Nigel; Tiberti, Natalia; Longoni, Silvia Stefania; Pizzato, Massimo; Accordini, Silvia; Fantoni, Tobia; Lopalco, Lucia; Beretta, Alberto; Bisoffi, Zeno; Zipeto, Donato. - In: EBIOMEDICINE. - ISSN 2352-3964. - 77:(2022), pp. 10388801-10388814. [10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.103888]

SARS-CoV-2 vaccination elicits unconventional IgM specific responses in naïve and previously COVID-19-infected individuals

Piubelli, Chiara;Carbonare, Luca Dalle;Pizzato, Massimo;Accordini, Silvia;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background Currently, evaluation of the IgG antibodies specific for the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein following vaccination is used worldwide to estimate vaccine response. Limited data are available on vaccine-elicited IgM antibodies and their potential implication in immunity to SARS-CoV-2.Methods We performed a longitudinal study to quantify anti-S SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgM (IgG-S and IgM-S) in health care worker (HCW) recipients of the BNT162b2 vaccine. Samples were collected before administration (T0), at the second dose (T1) and three weeks after T1 (T2). The cohort included 1584 immunologically nay spacing diaeresis ve to SARSCoV-2 (IN) and 289 with history of previous infection (PI).Findings IN showed three patterns of responses: (a) IgG positive/IgM negative (36.1%), (b) coordinated IgM-S/IgGS responses appearing at T1 (37.4%) and (c) IgM appearing after IgG (26.3%). Coordinated IgM-S/IgG-S responses were associated with higher IgG titres. In IgM-S positive PI, 64.5% were IgM-S positive before vaccination, whereas 32% and 3.5% developed IgM-S after the first and second vaccine dose, respectively. IgM-S positive sera had higher pseudovirus neutralization titres compared to the IgM-S negative.Interpretation Coordinated expression of IgG-S and IgM-S after vaccination was associated with a significantly more efficient response in both antibody levels and virus-neutralizing activity. The unconventional IgG-S positive/ IgM-S negative responses may suggest a recruitment of cross coronaviruses immunity by vaccination, warranting further investigation.
2022
Ruggiero, Alessandra; Piubelli, Chiara; Calciano, Lucia; Accordini, Simone; Valenti, Maria Teresa; Carbonare, Luca Dalle; Siracusano, Gabriel; Temperton, Nigel; Tiberti, Natalia; Longoni, Silvia Stefania; Pizzato, Massimo; Accordini, Silvia; Fantoni, Tobia; Lopalco, Lucia; Beretta, Alberto; Bisoffi, Zeno; Zipeto, Donato
SARS-CoV-2 vaccination elicits unconventional IgM specific responses in naïve and previously COVID-19-infected individuals / Ruggiero, Alessandra; Piubelli, Chiara; Calciano, Lucia; Accordini, Simone; Valenti, Maria Teresa; Carbonare, Luca Dalle; Siracusano, Gabriel; Temperton, Nigel; Tiberti, Natalia; Longoni, Silvia Stefania; Pizzato, Massimo; Accordini, Silvia; Fantoni, Tobia; Lopalco, Lucia; Beretta, Alberto; Bisoffi, Zeno; Zipeto, Donato. - In: EBIOMEDICINE. - ISSN 2352-3964. - 77:(2022), pp. 10388801-10388814. [10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.103888]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/373690
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