Although the composition and functional potential of the human gut microbiota evolve over the lifespan, kinship has been identified as a key covariate of microbial community diversification. However, to date, sharing of microbiota features within families has mostly been assessed between parents and their direct offspring. Here we investigate the potential transmission and persistence of familial microbiome patterns and microbial genotypes in a family cohort (n = 102) spanning 3 to 5 generations over the same female bloodline. We observe microbiome community composition associated with kinship, with seven low abundant genera displaying familial distribution patterns. While kinship and current cohabitation emerge as closely entangled variables, our explorative analyses of microbial genotype distribution and transmission estimates point at the latter as a key covariate of strain dissemination. Highest potential transmission rates are estimated between sisters and mother-daughter pairs, decreasing with increasing daughter's age and being higher among cohabiting pairs than those living apart. Although rare, we detect potential transmission events spanning three and four generations, primarily involving species of the genera Alistipes and Bacteroides. Overall, while our analyses confirm the existence of family-bound microbiome community profiles, transmission or co-acquisition of bacterial strains appears to be strongly linked to cohabitation.Quantitative metagenomic analyses of gut microbiomes reveals kinship, together with current cohabitation, as drivers of microbial community transmission and persistence between family members over three to five generations.

Variation and transmission of the human gut microbiota across multiple familial generations / Valles-Colomer, Mireia; Bacigalupe, Rodrigo; Vieira-Silva, Sara; Suzuki, Shinya; Darzi, Youssef; Tito, Raul Y; Yamada, Takuji; Segata, Nicola; Raes, Jeroen; Falony, Gwen. - In: NATURE MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 2058-5276. - 7:1(2022), pp. 87-96. [10.1038/s41564-021-01021-8]

Variation and transmission of the human gut microbiota across multiple familial generations

Valles-Colomer, Mireia;Segata, Nicola;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Although the composition and functional potential of the human gut microbiota evolve over the lifespan, kinship has been identified as a key covariate of microbial community diversification. However, to date, sharing of microbiota features within families has mostly been assessed between parents and their direct offspring. Here we investigate the potential transmission and persistence of familial microbiome patterns and microbial genotypes in a family cohort (n = 102) spanning 3 to 5 generations over the same female bloodline. We observe microbiome community composition associated with kinship, with seven low abundant genera displaying familial distribution patterns. While kinship and current cohabitation emerge as closely entangled variables, our explorative analyses of microbial genotype distribution and transmission estimates point at the latter as a key covariate of strain dissemination. Highest potential transmission rates are estimated between sisters and mother-daughter pairs, decreasing with increasing daughter's age and being higher among cohabiting pairs than those living apart. Although rare, we detect potential transmission events spanning three and four generations, primarily involving species of the genera Alistipes and Bacteroides. Overall, while our analyses confirm the existence of family-bound microbiome community profiles, transmission or co-acquisition of bacterial strains appears to be strongly linked to cohabitation.Quantitative metagenomic analyses of gut microbiomes reveals kinship, together with current cohabitation, as drivers of microbial community transmission and persistence between family members over three to five generations.
2022
1
Valles-Colomer, Mireia; Bacigalupe, Rodrigo; Vieira-Silva, Sara; Suzuki, Shinya; Darzi, Youssef; Tito, Raul Y; Yamada, Takuji; Segata, Nicola; Raes, Jeroen; Falony, Gwen
Variation and transmission of the human gut microbiota across multiple familial generations / Valles-Colomer, Mireia; Bacigalupe, Rodrigo; Vieira-Silva, Sara; Suzuki, Shinya; Darzi, Youssef; Tito, Raul Y; Yamada, Takuji; Segata, Nicola; Raes, Jeroen; Falony, Gwen. - In: NATURE MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 2058-5276. - 7:1(2022), pp. 87-96. [10.1038/s41564-021-01021-8]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/355074
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