Electromagnetism and optimal control stand out as a topics that feature impactful applications in modern engineering, as well as challenging theoretical aspects of mathematical analysis. Within this context, a major role is played by the search of necessary and sufficient conditions characterizing optimal solutions, as they are functional to numerical algorithms aiming to approximate such solutions. In this thesis, three standalone topics in optimization sharing the underlying framework of Maxwell-related PDEs are discussed. First, I present an optimal control problem driven by a quasi-linear magneto-static obstacle problem featuring first-order differential state constraints. The non-linearity allows to suitably model electromagnetic waves in the presence of ferromagnetic materials, while the first-order obstacle is relevant for applications in the field of magnetic shielding. Existence theory and the derivation of an optimality system are addressed with an approximation technique based on a relaxation-penalization of the variational inequality. Second, I analyze an eddy current problem controlled through a dipole type source, i.e. a Dirac mass with fixed position and variable intensity: well-posedness of the state equation through a fundamental solution (of a curl curl - Id operator) approach and first order conditions are dealt with. To conclude, I discuss the computation of the topological derivative for shape functionals constrained to low-frequency electromagnetic problems (closely related to the eddy current model), with respect to the inclusion/removal of conducting material; the results are obtained using a Lagrangian approach and in particular the so-called averaged adjoint method. This approach requires the study of the asymptotic behavior of the solutions of some problems defined in the whole space, and the introduction and consequent analysis of appropriate function spaces.
Some optimization problems in electromagnetism / Caselli, Gabriele. - (2022 May 17). [10.15168/11572_343343.1]
Scheda prodotto non validato
I dati visualizzati non sono stati ancora sottoposti a validazione formale da parte dello Staff di IRIS, ma sono stati ugualmente trasmessi al Sito Docente Cineca (Loginmiur).
|Titolo:||Some optimization problems in electromagnetism|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2022-05-17|
|Struttura:||Dipartimento di Matematica|
|Corso di dottorato:||Mathematics|
|Supervisore aggiunto/Correlatore esterno:||Irwin Yousept|
|Tesi in cotutela:||no|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MAT/05 - Analisi Matematica|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.15168/11572_343343.1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||08.1 Tesi di dottorato (Doctoral Thesis)|