Apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) is a model species for studying the metabolic changes that occur at the onset of ripening in fruit crops and the physiological mechanisms that are governed by the hormone ethylene. In this study, to dissect the climacteric interplay in apple, a multidisciplinary approach was employed. To this end, a comprehensive analysis of gene expression together with the investigation of several physiological entities (texture, volatilome and content of polyphenolic compounds) was performed throughout fruit development and ripening. The transcriptomic profiling was conducted with two microarray platforms: a dedicated custom array (iRIPE) and a whole genome array specifically enriched with ripening-related genes for apple (WGAA). The transcriptomic and phenotypic changes following the application of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), an ethylene inhibitor leading to important modifications in overall fruit physiology, were also highlighted. The integrative comparative network analysis showed both negative and positive correlations between ripening-related transcripts and the accumulation of specific metabolites or texture components. The ripening distortion caused by the inhibition of the ethylene perception, in addition to affecting the ethylene pathway, stimulated the de-repression of auxin-related genes, transcription factors and photosynthetic genes. Overall, the comprehensive repertoire of results obtained here advances the elucidation of the multi-layered climacteric mechanism of fruit ripening, thus suggesting a possible transcriptional circuit governed by hormones and transcription factors.

Interference with ethylene perception at receptor level sheds light on auxin and transcriptional circuits associated with climacteric ripening of apple fruit (Malus x domestica Borkh.) / Tadiello, Alice; Longhi, Sara; Moretto, Marco; Ferrarini, A.; Tononi, P.; Farneti, Brian; Busatto, B.; Vrhovsek, Urska; dal Molin, A.; Avanzato, C.; Biasioli, Franco; Cappellin, Luca; Scholz, Matthias Uwe; Velasco, Riccardo; Trainotti, L.; Delledonne, M.; Costa, Fabrizio. - In: PLANT JOURNAL. - ISSN 0960-7412. - 88:6(2016), pp. 963-975. [10.1111/tpj.13306]

Interference with ethylene perception at receptor level sheds light on auxin and transcriptional circuits associated with climacteric ripening of apple fruit (Malus x domestica Borkh.)

Longhi, Sara;Vrhovsek, Urska;Cappellin, Luca;Scholz, Matthias Uwe;Velasco, Riccardo;Costa, Fabrizio
2016-01-01

Abstract

Apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) is a model species for studying the metabolic changes that occur at the onset of ripening in fruit crops and the physiological mechanisms that are governed by the hormone ethylene. In this study, to dissect the climacteric interplay in apple, a multidisciplinary approach was employed. To this end, a comprehensive analysis of gene expression together with the investigation of several physiological entities (texture, volatilome and content of polyphenolic compounds) was performed throughout fruit development and ripening. The transcriptomic profiling was conducted with two microarray platforms: a dedicated custom array (iRIPE) and a whole genome array specifically enriched with ripening-related genes for apple (WGAA). The transcriptomic and phenotypic changes following the application of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), an ethylene inhibitor leading to important modifications in overall fruit physiology, were also highlighted. The integrative comparative network analysis showed both negative and positive correlations between ripening-related transcripts and the accumulation of specific metabolites or texture components. The ripening distortion caused by the inhibition of the ethylene perception, in addition to affecting the ethylene pathway, stimulated the de-repression of auxin-related genes, transcription factors and photosynthetic genes. Overall, the comprehensive repertoire of results obtained here advances the elucidation of the multi-layered climacteric mechanism of fruit ripening, thus suggesting a possible transcriptional circuit governed by hormones and transcription factors.
2016
6
Tadiello, Alice; Longhi, Sara; Moretto, Marco; Ferrarini, A.; Tononi, P.; Farneti, Brian; Busatto, B.; Vrhovsek, Urska; dal Molin, A.; Avanzato, C.; Biasioli, Franco; Cappellin, Luca; Scholz, Matthias Uwe; Velasco, Riccardo; Trainotti, L.; Delledonne, M.; Costa, Fabrizio
Interference with ethylene perception at receptor level sheds light on auxin and transcriptional circuits associated with climacteric ripening of apple fruit (Malus x domestica Borkh.) / Tadiello, Alice; Longhi, Sara; Moretto, Marco; Ferrarini, A.; Tononi, P.; Farneti, Brian; Busatto, B.; Vrhovsek, Urska; dal Molin, A.; Avanzato, C.; Biasioli, Franco; Cappellin, Luca; Scholz, Matthias Uwe; Velasco, Riccardo; Trainotti, L.; Delledonne, M.; Costa, Fabrizio. - In: PLANT JOURNAL. - ISSN 0960-7412. - 88:6(2016), pp. 963-975. [10.1111/tpj.13306]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/340910
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