Sensory abnormalities are a common feature in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Tactile responsiveness is altered in autistic individuals, with hypo-responsiveness being associated with the severity of ASD core symptoms. Similarly, sensory abnormalities have been described in mice lacking ASD-associated genes. Loss-of-function mutations in CNTNAP2 result in cortical dysplasia-focal epilepsy syndrome (CDFE) and autism. Likewise, Cntnap2−/− mice show epilepsy and deficits relevant with core symptoms of human ASDs, and are considered a reliable model to study ASDs. Altered synaptic transmission and synchronicity found in the cerebral cortex of Cntnap2−/− mice would suggest a network dysfunction. Here, we investigated the neural substrates of whisker-dependent responses in Cntnap2+/+ and Cntnap2−/− adult mice. When compared to controls, Cntnap2−/− mice showed focal hyper-connectivity within the primary somatosensory cortex (S1), in the absence of altered connectivity between S1 and other somatosensory areas. This data suggests the presence of impaired somatosensory processing in these mutants. Accordingly, Cntnap2−/− mice displayed impaired whisker-dependent discrimination in the textured novel object recognition test (tNORT) and increased c-fos mRNA induction within S1 following whisker stimulation. S1 functional hyperconnectivity might underlie the aberrant whisker-dependent responses observed in Cntnap2−/− mice, indicating that Cntnap2 mice are a reliable model to investigate sensory abnormalities that characterize ASDs.

Somatosensory cortex hyperconnectivity and impaired whisker-dependent responses in Cntnap2−/− mice / Balasco, Luigi; Pagani, Marco; Pangrazzi, Luca; Chelini, Gabriele; Viscido, Francesca; Chama, Alessandra Georgette Ciancone; Galbusera, Alberto; Provenzano, Giovanni; Gozzi, Alessandro; Bozzi, Yuri. - In: NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE. - ISSN 0969-9961. - 2022/169:(2022), pp. 10574201-10574210. [10.1016/j.nbd.2022.105742]

Somatosensory cortex hyperconnectivity and impaired whisker-dependent responses in Cntnap2−/− mice

Balasco, Luigi;Pagani, Marco;Pangrazzi, Luca;Chelini, Gabriele;Provenzano, Giovanni;Bozzi, Yuri
2022-01-01

Abstract

Sensory abnormalities are a common feature in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Tactile responsiveness is altered in autistic individuals, with hypo-responsiveness being associated with the severity of ASD core symptoms. Similarly, sensory abnormalities have been described in mice lacking ASD-associated genes. Loss-of-function mutations in CNTNAP2 result in cortical dysplasia-focal epilepsy syndrome (CDFE) and autism. Likewise, Cntnap2−/− mice show epilepsy and deficits relevant with core symptoms of human ASDs, and are considered a reliable model to study ASDs. Altered synaptic transmission and synchronicity found in the cerebral cortex of Cntnap2−/− mice would suggest a network dysfunction. Here, we investigated the neural substrates of whisker-dependent responses in Cntnap2+/+ and Cntnap2−/− adult mice. When compared to controls, Cntnap2−/− mice showed focal hyper-connectivity within the primary somatosensory cortex (S1), in the absence of altered connectivity between S1 and other somatosensory areas. This data suggests the presence of impaired somatosensory processing in these mutants. Accordingly, Cntnap2−/− mice displayed impaired whisker-dependent discrimination in the textured novel object recognition test (tNORT) and increased c-fos mRNA induction within S1 following whisker stimulation. S1 functional hyperconnectivity might underlie the aberrant whisker-dependent responses observed in Cntnap2−/− mice, indicating that Cntnap2 mice are a reliable model to investigate sensory abnormalities that characterize ASDs.
2022
Balasco, Luigi; Pagani, Marco; Pangrazzi, Luca; Chelini, Gabriele; Viscido, Francesca; Chama, Alessandra Georgette Ciancone; Galbusera, Alberto; Provenzano, Giovanni; Gozzi, Alessandro; Bozzi, Yuri
Somatosensory cortex hyperconnectivity and impaired whisker-dependent responses in Cntnap2−/− mice / Balasco, Luigi; Pagani, Marco; Pangrazzi, Luca; Chelini, Gabriele; Viscido, Francesca; Chama, Alessandra Georgette Ciancone; Galbusera, Alberto; Provenzano, Giovanni; Gozzi, Alessandro; Bozzi, Yuri. - In: NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE. - ISSN 0969-9961. - 2022/169:(2022), pp. 10574201-10574210. [10.1016/j.nbd.2022.105742]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/339783
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