In this Thesis we present a description of α cluster nuclei, in particular focusing on the case of 9 Be, with αn and αα interactions derived from Cluster Effective Field Theory (EFT). The two-body potentials are regularized by a Gaussian cutoff which cures the short-distance dependence of the interaction and the potential parameters are found comparing the effective range expansion (ERE) with the calculated T-matrix. The calculation of the ground-state energies is carried out by diagonalizing the Hamiltonian on a Non symmetryzed Hyperspherical Harmonics basis in momentum space. Using only two body interactions a rather strong cutoff dependence appears. However, we are able to reproduce the experimental ground-state energies for selected cutoff values for most of the studied nuclei. The strong cutoff dependence indicates the lack of three-body forces, therefore we extend our Cluster EFT approach by including such many-body forces. Finally, the 9Be photoabsorption cross-section is studied via the Lorentz integral transform method (LIT), focusing on the low-energy resonances coming from the electric dipole transitions. By fine tuning the parameters of the three-body force, we are able to reproduce, up to 4 MeV, the considered experimental resonances. For the description of the spectrum at higher energies the inclusion of the αα D-wave potential seems to be necessary.

Effective field theory description of α cluster nuclei: The 9 Be ground state and 9 Be photodisintegration / Filandri, Elena. - (2022 Apr 13), pp. 1-125. [10.15168/11572_338316]

Effective field theory description of α cluster nuclei: The 9 Be ground state and 9 Be photodisintegration

Filandri, Elena
2022-04-13

Abstract

In this Thesis we present a description of α cluster nuclei, in particular focusing on the case of 9 Be, with αn and αα interactions derived from Cluster Effective Field Theory (EFT). The two-body potentials are regularized by a Gaussian cutoff which cures the short-distance dependence of the interaction and the potential parameters are found comparing the effective range expansion (ERE) with the calculated T-matrix. The calculation of the ground-state energies is carried out by diagonalizing the Hamiltonian on a Non symmetryzed Hyperspherical Harmonics basis in momentum space. Using only two body interactions a rather strong cutoff dependence appears. However, we are able to reproduce the experimental ground-state energies for selected cutoff values for most of the studied nuclei. The strong cutoff dependence indicates the lack of three-body forces, therefore we extend our Cluster EFT approach by including such many-body forces. Finally, the 9Be photoabsorption cross-section is studied via the Lorentz integral transform method (LIT), focusing on the low-energy resonances coming from the electric dipole transitions. By fine tuning the parameters of the three-body force, we are able to reproduce, up to 4 MeV, the considered experimental resonances. For the description of the spectrum at higher energies the inclusion of the αα D-wave potential seems to be necessary.
XXXIV
2020-2021
Fisica (29/10/12-)
Physics
Leidemann, Winfried
no
Inglese
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/338316
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