In early deaf individuals, the auditory deprived temporal brain regions become engaged in visual processing. In our study we tested further the hypothesis that intrinsic functional specialization guides the expression of cross-modal responses in the deprived auditory cortex. We used functional MRI to characterize the brain response to horizontal, radial and stochastic visual motion in early deaf and hearing individuals matched for the use of oral or sign language. Visual motion showed enhanced response in the ‘deaf’ mid-lateral planum temporale, a region selective to auditory motion as demonstrated by a separate auditory motion localizer in hearing people. Moreover, multivariate pattern analysis revealed that this reorganized temporal region showed enhanced decoding of motion categories in the deaf group, while visual motion-selective region hMT+/V5 showed reduced decoding when compared to hearing people. Dynamic Causal Modelling revealed that the ‘deaf’ motion-selective temporal region shows a specific increase of its functional interactions with hMT+/V5 and is now part of a large-scale visual motion selective network. In addition, we observed preferential responses to radial, compared to horizontal, visual motion in the ‘deaf’ right superior temporal cortex region that also show preferential response to approaching/receding sounds in the hearing brain. Overall, our results suggest that the early experience of auditory deprivation interacts with intrinsic constraints and triggers a large-scale reallocation of computational load between auditory and visual brain regions that typically support the multisensory processing of motion information.

Visual motion processing recruits regions selective for auditory motion in early deaf individuals / Benetti, S.; Zonca, J.; Ferrari, A.; Rezk, M.; Rabini, G.; Collignon, O.. - In: NEUROIMAGE. - ISSN 1053-8119. - ELETTRONICO. - 230:(2021), p. 117816. [10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.117816]

Visual motion processing recruits regions selective for auditory motion in early deaf individuals

Benetti S.;Zonca J.;Rezk M.;Rabini G.;Collignon O.
2021

Abstract

In early deaf individuals, the auditory deprived temporal brain regions become engaged in visual processing. In our study we tested further the hypothesis that intrinsic functional specialization guides the expression of cross-modal responses in the deprived auditory cortex. We used functional MRI to characterize the brain response to horizontal, radial and stochastic visual motion in early deaf and hearing individuals matched for the use of oral or sign language. Visual motion showed enhanced response in the ‘deaf’ mid-lateral planum temporale, a region selective to auditory motion as demonstrated by a separate auditory motion localizer in hearing people. Moreover, multivariate pattern analysis revealed that this reorganized temporal region showed enhanced decoding of motion categories in the deaf group, while visual motion-selective region hMT+/V5 showed reduced decoding when compared to hearing people. Dynamic Causal Modelling revealed that the ‘deaf’ motion-selective temporal region shows a specific increase of its functional interactions with hMT+/V5 and is now part of a large-scale visual motion selective network. In addition, we observed preferential responses to radial, compared to horizontal, visual motion in the ‘deaf’ right superior temporal cortex region that also show preferential response to approaching/receding sounds in the hearing brain. Overall, our results suggest that the early experience of auditory deprivation interacts with intrinsic constraints and triggers a large-scale reallocation of computational load between auditory and visual brain regions that typically support the multisensory processing of motion information.
Benetti, S.; Zonca, J.; Ferrari, A.; Rezk, M.; Rabini, G.; Collignon, O.
Visual motion processing recruits regions selective for auditory motion in early deaf individuals / Benetti, S.; Zonca, J.; Ferrari, A.; Rezk, M.; Rabini, G.; Collignon, O.. - In: NEUROIMAGE. - ISSN 1053-8119. - ELETTRONICO. - 230:(2021), p. 117816. [10.1016/j.neuroimage.2021.117816]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/337472
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