Data on the frequency-wavenumber spectra and dispersion relation of the dynamic water surface in an open channel flow are very scarce. In this work, new data on the frequency-wavenumber spectra were obtained in a rectangular laboratory flume with a rough bottom boundary, over a range of subcritical Froude numbers. These data were used to study the dispersion relation of the surface waves in such shallow turbulent water flows. The results show a complex pattern of surface waves, with a range of scales and velocities. When the mean surface velocity is faster than the minimum phase velocity of gravity-capillary waves, the wave pattern is dominated by stationary waves that interact with the static rough bed. There is a coherent three-dimensional pattern of radially propagating waves with the wavelength approximately equal to the wavelength of the stationary waves. Alongside these waves, there are freely propagating gravity-capillary waves that propagate mainly parallel to the mean flow, both upstream and downstream. In the flow conditions where the mean surface velocity is slower than the minimum phase velocity of gravitycapillary waves, patterns of non-dispersive waves are observed. It is suggested that these waves are forced by turbulence. The results demonstrate that the free surface carries information about the underlying turbulent flow. The knowledge obtained in this study paves the way for the development of novel airborne methods of non-invasive flow monitoring.

Frequency-wavenumber Spectrum of the Free Surface of Shallow Turbulent Flows over a Rough Boundary / Dolcetti, G.; Horoshenkov, K. V.; Krynkin, A.; Tait, S. J.. - In: PHYSICS OF FLUIDS. - ISSN 1070-6631. - 2016, 28:10(2016), pp. 105105-1-105105-23. [10.1063/1.4964926]

Frequency-wavenumber Spectrum of the Free Surface of Shallow Turbulent Flows over a Rough Boundary

Dolcetti G.;
2016-01-01

Abstract

Data on the frequency-wavenumber spectra and dispersion relation of the dynamic water surface in an open channel flow are very scarce. In this work, new data on the frequency-wavenumber spectra were obtained in a rectangular laboratory flume with a rough bottom boundary, over a range of subcritical Froude numbers. These data were used to study the dispersion relation of the surface waves in such shallow turbulent water flows. The results show a complex pattern of surface waves, with a range of scales and velocities. When the mean surface velocity is faster than the minimum phase velocity of gravity-capillary waves, the wave pattern is dominated by stationary waves that interact with the static rough bed. There is a coherent three-dimensional pattern of radially propagating waves with the wavelength approximately equal to the wavelength of the stationary waves. Alongside these waves, there are freely propagating gravity-capillary waves that propagate mainly parallel to the mean flow, both upstream and downstream. In the flow conditions where the mean surface velocity is slower than the minimum phase velocity of gravitycapillary waves, patterns of non-dispersive waves are observed. It is suggested that these waves are forced by turbulence. The results demonstrate that the free surface carries information about the underlying turbulent flow. The knowledge obtained in this study paves the way for the development of novel airborne methods of non-invasive flow monitoring.
2016
10
Dolcetti, G.; Horoshenkov, K. V.; Krynkin, A.; Tait, S. J.
Frequency-wavenumber Spectrum of the Free Surface of Shallow Turbulent Flows over a Rough Boundary / Dolcetti, G.; Horoshenkov, K. V.; Krynkin, A.; Tait, S. J.. - In: PHYSICS OF FLUIDS. - ISSN 1070-6631. - 2016, 28:10(2016), pp. 105105-1-105105-23. [10.1063/1.4964926]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/337076
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