The present work aims to give an overview on the international scientific papers related to the territorial spreading of SARS-CoV-2, with a specific focus upon applied quantitative geography and territorial analysis, to define a general structure for epidemiological geography research. The target publications were based on GIS spatial analysis, both in the sense of topological analysis and descriptive statistics or lato sensu geographical approaches. The first basic purpose was to organize and enhance the vast knowledge developments generated hitherto by the first pandemic that was studied “on-the-fly” all over the world. The consequent target was to investigate to what extent researchers in geography were able to draw scientifically consistent conclusions about the pandemic evolution, as well as whether wider generalizations could be reasonably claimed. This implied an analysis and a comparison of their findings. Finally, we tested what geographic approaches can say about the pandemic and whether a reliable spatial analysis routine for mapping infectious diseases could be extrapolated. We selected papers proposed for publication during 2020 and 209 articles complied with our parameters of query. The articles were divided in seven categories to enhance existing commonalities. In some cases, converging conclusions were extracted, and generalizations were derived. In other cases, contrasting or inconsistent findings were found, and possible explanations were provided. From the results of our survey, we extrapolated a routine for the production of epidemiological geography analyses, we highlighted the different steps of investigation that were attained, and we underlined the most critical nodes of the methodology. Our findings may help to point out what are the most critical conceptual challenges of epidemiological mapping, and where it might improve to engender informed conclusions and aware outcomes.

Epidemiological geography at work: An exploratory review about the overall findings of spatial analysis applied to the study of CoViD‑19 propagation along the first pandemic year / Pranzo, Andrea Marco Raffaele; Dai Prà, Elena; Besana, Angelo. - In: GEOJOURNAL. - ISSN 1572-9893. - ELETTRONICO. - 2022 - 87:(2022), pp. 1-23. [10.1007/s10708-022-10601-y]

Epidemiological geography at work: An exploratory review about the overall findings of spatial analysis applied to the study of CoViD‑19 propagation along the first pandemic year

Pranzo Andrea Marco Raffaele;Dai Prà Elena;Besana Angelo
2022-01-01

Abstract

The present work aims to give an overview on the international scientific papers related to the territorial spreading of SARS-CoV-2, with a specific focus upon applied quantitative geography and territorial analysis, to define a general structure for epidemiological geography research. The target publications were based on GIS spatial analysis, both in the sense of topological analysis and descriptive statistics or lato sensu geographical approaches. The first basic purpose was to organize and enhance the vast knowledge developments generated hitherto by the first pandemic that was studied “on-the-fly” all over the world. The consequent target was to investigate to what extent researchers in geography were able to draw scientifically consistent conclusions about the pandemic evolution, as well as whether wider generalizations could be reasonably claimed. This implied an analysis and a comparison of their findings. Finally, we tested what geographic approaches can say about the pandemic and whether a reliable spatial analysis routine for mapping infectious diseases could be extrapolated. We selected papers proposed for publication during 2020 and 209 articles complied with our parameters of query. The articles were divided in seven categories to enhance existing commonalities. In some cases, converging conclusions were extracted, and generalizations were derived. In other cases, contrasting or inconsistent findings were found, and possible explanations were provided. From the results of our survey, we extrapolated a routine for the production of epidemiological geography analyses, we highlighted the different steps of investigation that were attained, and we underlined the most critical nodes of the methodology. Our findings may help to point out what are the most critical conceptual challenges of epidemiological mapping, and where it might improve to engender informed conclusions and aware outcomes.
2022
Pranzo, Andrea Marco Raffaele; Dai Prà, Elena; Besana, Angelo
Epidemiological geography at work: An exploratory review about the overall findings of spatial analysis applied to the study of CoViD‑19 propagation along the first pandemic year / Pranzo, Andrea Marco Raffaele; Dai Prà, Elena; Besana, Angelo. - In: GEOJOURNAL. - ISSN 1572-9893. - ELETTRONICO. - 2022 - 87:(2022), pp. 1-23. [10.1007/s10708-022-10601-y]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/331908
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