Several aspects of fracture nucleation and growth in brittle porous ceramics and in thin films are investigated, through analytical, numerical modelling, and experimental validation. A mechanical experimental characterization has been developed for a porous ceramic, namely, a 3D apatite, characterised by an oriented porosity and used for biomedical applications. The ceramic is produced from wood, so that the resulting porosity evidences a multi-scale nature, a feature determining peculiar failure mechanisms and an unprecedented porosity/strength ratio. In particular, the material exhibits an exfoliation-type failure, resulting in a progressive loss in mechanical properties, occurring for compression tests parallel to the grains and for highly slender specimens. Similar cohesive-brittle behaviour is also found when the compression is applied in the direction orthogonal to the porous channels, regardless of the shape ratio of the specimen. An in-depth analysis of this response is performed by means of a phase-field model. After calibrating the model, stress-strain curves and fracturing patterns are accurately reproduced. Furthermore, the effects of multi-scale porosity on mechanical behaviour are determined. Various strategies available in the literature for evaluating the properties of porous materials are compared to the proposed phase-field approach. The results open new possibilities for the prediction and characterization of complex fracturing phenomena occurring in highly porous ceramics, so to facilitate medical applications as structural bone repair. An application of the peridynamic theory of continuum mechanics is developed to obtain a dimensional reduced formulation for the characterisation of through-thickness delamination of plates. The kinematic of the plate is carefully chosen to be composed of an absolutely continuous part and a zone where jumps in the displacements are allowed; in this way, the reduced form of the elastic bond-based peridynamic energy and the reduced Lagrangian are explicitly retrieved in a closed-form. The reduction generates a hierarchy of terms, characterizing the energy stored inside the plane element. A semi-analytical solution, obtained by means of a minimization procedure, is obtained for a test case and compared with finite element simulations. Despite the fact that the numerical model is fully three-dimensional (in other words, it is not reduced), this model leads to the same moment-curvature diagrams and nucleation/growth of the delamination surface found with the reduced formulation. Finally, the convergence of the proposed reduced model to local elastic theory at vanishing internal length is determined, so that a reduced-localized cohesive model for fracture is retrieved.
Phase-field and reduced peridynamic theories for fracture problems / Cavuoto, Riccardo. - (2021 Nov 11), pp. 1-92.
|Titolo:||Phase-field and reduced peridynamic theories for fracture problems|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2021-11-11|
|Struttura:||Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile Ambientale e Meccanica|
|Corso di dottorato:||Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering|
|Tutor esterno:||Fraldi, Massimiliano|
|Tesi in cotutela:||no|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ICAR/08 - Scienza delle Costruzioni|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||08.1 Tesi di dottorato (Doctoral Thesis)|