Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is known for being exothermic, an aspect that can lower the external energy demand necessary to face thermal losses and therefore be conducive to the overall HTC process thermal efficiency. Also, heat profiles can help explore kinetics and generally provide an insight into the HTC process. Despite the potential of the HTC exothermicity, only a few studies examined it and with different methodologies. This work aims to deepen this aspect by exploring heat profiles, enthalpy of reaction, and comparing two experimental methods by performing an experimental campaign using a power-compensated high-pressure differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Three substrates (glucose, cellulose, and grape seeds) were hydrothermally carbonized at 180, 200, 220, and 250 °C at a biomass to water mass ratio of 0.25. To determine net heat profiles and enthalpies, water thermal effects were removed using two approaches, consisting of running a thermal program on the water alone or the exhaust, i.e. the products after the reaction. An instrument baseline considering both a zero-line and a time-drift was considered. Results show that both methods allow inferring similar enthalpy values at low operating temperature, while at high temperature a difference in the heat capacity of the liquid phase (due to the production of compounds dissolved in the liquid phase and absorbed on the solid) can affect the results related to the exhaust approach. In both cases, higher temperatures favor the exothermic peak intensity, the curve sharpening, and the increase (in absolute value) of reaction enthalpies. These are in the ranges −0.20 ÷ −0.86 MJ/kg, −0.61 ÷ −1.33 MJ/kg, and −0.42 ÷ −1.53 MJ/kg for glucose, cellulose, and grape seeds, respectively.

Exothermicity of hydrothermal carbonization: Determination of heat profile and enthalpy of reaction via high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry / Ischia, G.; Cazzanelli, M.; Fiori, L.; Orlandi, M.; Miotello, A.. - In: FUEL. - ISSN 0016-2361. - 310:A(2022), pp. 122312.1-122312.10. [10.1016/j.fuel.2021.122312]

Exothermicity of hydrothermal carbonization: Determination of heat profile and enthalpy of reaction via high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry

Ischia G.;Cazzanelli M.;Fiori L.;Orlandi M.;Miotello A.
2022

Abstract

Hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) is known for being exothermic, an aspect that can lower the external energy demand necessary to face thermal losses and therefore be conducive to the overall HTC process thermal efficiency. Also, heat profiles can help explore kinetics and generally provide an insight into the HTC process. Despite the potential of the HTC exothermicity, only a few studies examined it and with different methodologies. This work aims to deepen this aspect by exploring heat profiles, enthalpy of reaction, and comparing two experimental methods by performing an experimental campaign using a power-compensated high-pressure differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). Three substrates (glucose, cellulose, and grape seeds) were hydrothermally carbonized at 180, 200, 220, and 250 °C at a biomass to water mass ratio of 0.25. To determine net heat profiles and enthalpies, water thermal effects were removed using two approaches, consisting of running a thermal program on the water alone or the exhaust, i.e. the products after the reaction. An instrument baseline considering both a zero-line and a time-drift was considered. Results show that both methods allow inferring similar enthalpy values at low operating temperature, while at high temperature a difference in the heat capacity of the liquid phase (due to the production of compounds dissolved in the liquid phase and absorbed on the solid) can affect the results related to the exhaust approach. In both cases, higher temperatures favor the exothermic peak intensity, the curve sharpening, and the increase (in absolute value) of reaction enthalpies. These are in the ranges −0.20 ÷ −0.86 MJ/kg, −0.61 ÷ −1.33 MJ/kg, and −0.42 ÷ −1.53 MJ/kg for glucose, cellulose, and grape seeds, respectively.
A
Ischia, G.; Cazzanelli, M.; Fiori, L.; Orlandi, M.; Miotello, A.
Exothermicity of hydrothermal carbonization: Determination of heat profile and enthalpy of reaction via high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry / Ischia, G.; Cazzanelli, M.; Fiori, L.; Orlandi, M.; Miotello, A.. - In: FUEL. - ISSN 0016-2361. - 310:A(2022), pp. 122312.1-122312.10. [10.1016/j.fuel.2021.122312]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/322065
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