Few works have addressed the processing of indirect requests in High-Functioning Autism (HFA), and results are conflicting. Some studies report HFA individuals’ difficulties in indirect requests comprehension; others suggest that it might be preserved in HFA. Furthermore, the role of Theory of Mind in understanding indirect requests is an open issue. The goal of this work is twofold: first, assessing whether comprehension of indirect requests for information is preserved in HFA; second, explor- ing whether mind-reading skills predict this ability. We tested a group of (n = 14; 9–12 years) HFA children and two groups of younger (n = 19; 5–6 years) and older (n = 28; 9–12 years) typically developing (TD) children in a semi-structured task involving direct, indirect and highly indirect requests for information. Results suggested that HFA can understand indirect and highly indirect requests, as well as TD children. Yet, while Theory of Mind skills seem to enhance older TD children under- standing, this is not the case for HFA children. Therefore, interestingly, they could rely on different interpretative strategies.

Understanding indirect requests for information in high-functioning autism / Marocchini, Eleonora; Di Paola, Simona; Mazzaggio, Greta; Domaneschi, Filippo. - In: COGNITIVE PROCESSING. - ISSN 1612-4782. - 2021:(2021). [10.1007/s10339-021-01056-z]

Understanding indirect requests for information in high-functioning autism

Mazzaggio, Greta;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Few works have addressed the processing of indirect requests in High-Functioning Autism (HFA), and results are conflicting. Some studies report HFA individuals’ difficulties in indirect requests comprehension; others suggest that it might be preserved in HFA. Furthermore, the role of Theory of Mind in understanding indirect requests is an open issue. The goal of this work is twofold: first, assessing whether comprehension of indirect requests for information is preserved in HFA; second, explor- ing whether mind-reading skills predict this ability. We tested a group of (n = 14; 9–12 years) HFA children and two groups of younger (n = 19; 5–6 years) and older (n = 28; 9–12 years) typically developing (TD) children in a semi-structured task involving direct, indirect and highly indirect requests for information. Results suggested that HFA can understand indirect and highly indirect requests, as well as TD children. Yet, while Theory of Mind skills seem to enhance older TD children under- standing, this is not the case for HFA children. Therefore, interestingly, they could rely on different interpretative strategies.
2021
Marocchini, Eleonora; Di Paola, Simona; Mazzaggio, Greta; Domaneschi, Filippo
Understanding indirect requests for information in high-functioning autism / Marocchini, Eleonora; Di Paola, Simona; Mazzaggio, Greta; Domaneschi, Filippo. - In: COGNITIVE PROCESSING. - ISSN 1612-4782. - 2021:(2021). [10.1007/s10339-021-01056-z]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/315697
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