Spinal deformity is an abnormality in the spinal curves and can seriously affect the activities of daily life. The conventional way to treat spinal deformities, such as scoliosis, kyphosis, and spondylolisthesis, is to use spinal orthoses (braces). Braces have been used for centuries to apply corrective forces to the spine to treat spinal deformities or to stabilize the spine during postoperative rehabilitation. Braces have not modernized with advancements in technology, and very few braces are equipped with smart sensory design and active actuation. There is a need to enable the orthotists, ergonomics practitioners, and developers to incorporate new technologies into the passive field of bracing. This article presents a review of the conventional passive braces and highlights the advancements in spinal orthoses in terms of improved sensory designs, active actuation mechanisms, and new construction methods (CAD/CAM, three-dimensional (3D) printing). This review includes 26 spinal orthoses, comprised of passive rigid/soft braces, active dynamics braces, and torso training devices for the rehabilitation of the spine.

Spinal deformities and advancement in corrective orthoses / Ali, Athar; Fontanari, Vigilio; Fontana, Marco; Schmoelz, Werner. - In: BIOENGINEERING. - ISSN 2306-5354. - STAMPA. - 8:1(2021), pp. 2.1-2.14. [10.3390/bioengineering8010002]

Spinal deformities and advancement in corrective orthoses

Ali, Athar;Fontanari, Vigilio;Fontana, Marco;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Spinal deformity is an abnormality in the spinal curves and can seriously affect the activities of daily life. The conventional way to treat spinal deformities, such as scoliosis, kyphosis, and spondylolisthesis, is to use spinal orthoses (braces). Braces have been used for centuries to apply corrective forces to the spine to treat spinal deformities or to stabilize the spine during postoperative rehabilitation. Braces have not modernized with advancements in technology, and very few braces are equipped with smart sensory design and active actuation. There is a need to enable the orthotists, ergonomics practitioners, and developers to incorporate new technologies into the passive field of bracing. This article presents a review of the conventional passive braces and highlights the advancements in spinal orthoses in terms of improved sensory designs, active actuation mechanisms, and new construction methods (CAD/CAM, three-dimensional (3D) printing). This review includes 26 spinal orthoses, comprised of passive rigid/soft braces, active dynamics braces, and torso training devices for the rehabilitation of the spine.
2021
1
Ali, Athar; Fontanari, Vigilio; Fontana, Marco; Schmoelz, Werner
Spinal deformities and advancement in corrective orthoses / Ali, Athar; Fontanari, Vigilio; Fontana, Marco; Schmoelz, Werner. - In: BIOENGINEERING. - ISSN 2306-5354. - STAMPA. - 8:1(2021), pp. 2.1-2.14. [10.3390/bioengineering8010002]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/310313
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