Supercritical CO2 (Sc-CO2) drying has been recognized as a promising low temperature drying technique for food products. In this regard, this work focuses on the feasibility of Sc-CO2 drying of apple’s slices: both the microbiological stability and mechanical behavior of the test product after the process have been investigated in dependence from different process parameters, namely drying time, pressurization time, and depressurization time. The microbiological stability was determined for both inoculated pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes) and naturally present microorganisms (yeasts and molds, mesophilic bacteria and spores and Enterobacteriaceae). Results demonstrated a complete inactivation of pathogenic bacteria under the detection limit (<1 CFU/g) just after the pressurization (10 min) and depressurization (20 min) phases. After the same steps, a strong reduction of vegetative bacteria and yeasts and molds was also observed in comparison with air drying and freeze drying samples. As regards the mechanical behavior, the Young Modulus, measured before and after the CO2 processes to provide a measurement of samples’ stiffness, resulted dependent from the final water activity, but independent from the length of pressurization and depressurization phases at longer drying time. Overall, these results are promising to foster the development of the technology at industrial level.

Supercritical CO2 for the drying and microbial inactivation of apple’s slices / Zambon, Alessandro; Bourdoux, Simeon; Pantano, Maria F.; Pugno, Nicola Maria; Boldrin, Francesca; Hofland, Gerard; Rajovic, Andreja; Devlieghere, Frank; Spilimbergo, Sara. - In: DRYING TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0737-3937. - 39:2(2021), pp. 259-267. [10.1080/07373937.2019.1676774]

Supercritical CO2 for the drying and microbial inactivation of apple’s slices

Pantano, Maria F.;Pugno, Nicola Maria;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Supercritical CO2 (Sc-CO2) drying has been recognized as a promising low temperature drying technique for food products. In this regard, this work focuses on the feasibility of Sc-CO2 drying of apple’s slices: both the microbiological stability and mechanical behavior of the test product after the process have been investigated in dependence from different process parameters, namely drying time, pressurization time, and depressurization time. The microbiological stability was determined for both inoculated pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Listeria monocytogenes) and naturally present microorganisms (yeasts and molds, mesophilic bacteria and spores and Enterobacteriaceae). Results demonstrated a complete inactivation of pathogenic bacteria under the detection limit (<1 CFU/g) just after the pressurization (10 min) and depressurization (20 min) phases. After the same steps, a strong reduction of vegetative bacteria and yeasts and molds was also observed in comparison with air drying and freeze drying samples. As regards the mechanical behavior, the Young Modulus, measured before and after the CO2 processes to provide a measurement of samples’ stiffness, resulted dependent from the final water activity, but independent from the length of pressurization and depressurization phases at longer drying time. Overall, these results are promising to foster the development of the technology at industrial level.
2021
2
Zambon, Alessandro; Bourdoux, Simeon; Pantano, Maria F.; Pugno, Nicola Maria; Boldrin, Francesca; Hofland, Gerard; Rajovic, Andreja; Devlieghere, Frank; Spilimbergo, Sara
Supercritical CO2 for the drying and microbial inactivation of apple’s slices / Zambon, Alessandro; Bourdoux, Simeon; Pantano, Maria F.; Pugno, Nicola Maria; Boldrin, Francesca; Hofland, Gerard; Rajovic, Andreja; Devlieghere, Frank; Spilimbergo, Sara. - In: DRYING TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0737-3937. - 39:2(2021), pp. 259-267. [10.1080/07373937.2019.1676774]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/302347
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