An increasing number of industrial plants integrate the anaerobic digestion (AD) of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) with a subsequent composting phase. To improve the plant productivity, a fraction of OFMSW digestate can be converted into a carbonaceous material, called hydrocar (HC), through Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC), and then composted together with the OFMSWdigestate itself, to produce “hydrochar co-compost”. The aim of this paper is to present the design and assembly of batch bioreactors, built in-house to investigate the co-composting process of OFMSWdigestate and its HC, and to provide some preliminary results. The OFMSWdigestate from an industrial plant was carbonized at 200 °C for 3 h in a 2 L HTC reactor, to produce wet HC after filtration. The ratio of OFMSWdigestate and green waste (1:1) used as bulking medium was reproduced in four bioreactors with an increasing percentage of HC substituting the OFMSW digestate (0, 25, 50, 75%). The bioreactors managed to effectively compost the solid wet biomasses in a wet environment with temperature and oxygen control, whilemeasuring online the oxygen consumption and thus the dynamic respirometric index (DRI). The DRI24,max measured with AIR-nl solid respirometer (standardized offline measurement) started from values above 800 mg O2 kgVS -1 h-1 before composting and dropped at the end of the process to values in the range 124-340 mg O2 kgVS -1 h-1 for the four mixes, well below the recommended limit of 500 mg O2 kgVS -1 h-1 for high-quality compost stability. These offline DRI values were confirmed by the online DRI measurements. This research is part of the international C2Land Project funded by the European Institute of Innovation and Technology Climate Knowledge and Innovation Community (EIT Climate-KIC), which is greatly acknowledged.

Composting hydrochar-OFMSW digestate mixtures: Design of bioreactors and preliminary experimental results / Scrinzi, D.; Andreottola, G.; Fiori, L.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:4(2021), pp. 1496.1-1496.15. [10.3390/app11041496]

Composting hydrochar-OFMSW digestate mixtures: Design of bioreactors and preliminary experimental results

Scrinzi D.;Andreottola G.;Fiori L.
2021

Abstract

An increasing number of industrial plants integrate the anaerobic digestion (AD) of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) with a subsequent composting phase. To improve the plant productivity, a fraction of OFMSW digestate can be converted into a carbonaceous material, called hydrocar (HC), through Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC), and then composted together with the OFMSWdigestate itself, to produce “hydrochar co-compost”. The aim of this paper is to present the design and assembly of batch bioreactors, built in-house to investigate the co-composting process of OFMSWdigestate and its HC, and to provide some preliminary results. The OFMSWdigestate from an industrial plant was carbonized at 200 °C for 3 h in a 2 L HTC reactor, to produce wet HC after filtration. The ratio of OFMSWdigestate and green waste (1:1) used as bulking medium was reproduced in four bioreactors with an increasing percentage of HC substituting the OFMSW digestate (0, 25, 50, 75%). The bioreactors managed to effectively compost the solid wet biomasses in a wet environment with temperature and oxygen control, whilemeasuring online the oxygen consumption and thus the dynamic respirometric index (DRI). The DRI24,max measured with AIR-nl solid respirometer (standardized offline measurement) started from values above 800 mg O2 kgVS -1 h-1 before composting and dropped at the end of the process to values in the range 124-340 mg O2 kgVS -1 h-1 for the four mixes, well below the recommended limit of 500 mg O2 kgVS -1 h-1 for high-quality compost stability. These offline DRI values were confirmed by the online DRI measurements. This research is part of the international C2Land Project funded by the European Institute of Innovation and Technology Climate Knowledge and Innovation Community (EIT Climate-KIC), which is greatly acknowledged.
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Scrinzi, D.; Andreottola, G.; Fiori, L.
Composting hydrochar-OFMSW digestate mixtures: Design of bioreactors and preliminary experimental results / Scrinzi, D.; Andreottola, G.; Fiori, L.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:4(2021), pp. 1496.1-1496.15. [10.3390/app11041496]
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