Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) represent a group of neurodevelopmental disorders associated with social and behavioral impairments. Although dysfunctions in several signaling pathways have been associated with ASDs, very few molecules have been identified as potentially effective drug targets in the clinic. Classically, research in the ASD field has focused on the characterization of pathways involved in neural development and synaptic plasticity, which support the pathogenesis of this group of diseases. More recently, immune system dysfunctions have been observed in ASD. In addition, high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which cause oxidative stress, are present in ASD patients. In this review, we will describe the major alterations in the expression of genes coding for enzymes involved in the ROS scavenging system, in both ASD patients and ASD mouse models. In addition, we will discuss, in the context of the most recent literature, the possibility that oxidative stress, inflammation and immune system dysfunction may be connected to, and altogether support, the pathogenesis and/or severity of ASD. Finally, we will discuss the possibility of novel treatments aimed at counteracting the interplay between ROS and inflammation in people with ASD.

Oxidative stress and immune system dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders / Pangrazzi, Luca; Balasco, Luigi; Bozzi, Yuri. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - ELETTRONICO. - 2020:Physiological and Pathological Role of ROS: Benefits and Limitations of Antioxidant Treatment 2.0(2020), pp. [n.d.]-[n.d.]. [10.3390/ijms21093293]

Oxidative stress and immune system dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders

Pangrazzi, Luca;Balasco, Luigi;Bozzi, Yuri
2020-01-01

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) represent a group of neurodevelopmental disorders associated with social and behavioral impairments. Although dysfunctions in several signaling pathways have been associated with ASDs, very few molecules have been identified as potentially effective drug targets in the clinic. Classically, research in the ASD field has focused on the characterization of pathways involved in neural development and synaptic plasticity, which support the pathogenesis of this group of diseases. More recently, immune system dysfunctions have been observed in ASD. In addition, high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which cause oxidative stress, are present in ASD patients. In this review, we will describe the major alterations in the expression of genes coding for enzymes involved in the ROS scavenging system, in both ASD patients and ASD mouse models. In addition, we will discuss, in the context of the most recent literature, the possibility that oxidative stress, inflammation and immune system dysfunction may be connected to, and altogether support, the pathogenesis and/or severity of ASD. Finally, we will discuss the possibility of novel treatments aimed at counteracting the interplay between ROS and inflammation in people with ASD.
2020
Physiological and Pathological Role of ROS: Benefits and Limitations of Antioxidant Treatment 2.0
Pangrazzi, Luca; Balasco, Luigi; Bozzi, Yuri
Oxidative stress and immune system dysfunction in autism spectrum disorders / Pangrazzi, Luca; Balasco, Luigi; Bozzi, Yuri. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - ELETTRONICO. - 2020:Physiological and Pathological Role of ROS: Benefits and Limitations of Antioxidant Treatment 2.0(2020), pp. [n.d.]-[n.d.]. [10.3390/ijms21093293]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ijms-21-03293.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 742.74 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
742.74 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/262297
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 105
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 94
social impact