Mechanical milling is a suitable technique to enhance various properties of copper by the severe plastic deformation involved during the process. Contamination from milling media is one of the major problems of mechanical alloying. In this study, the behaviour of copper powder during mechanical milling was investigated in order to minimize iron and chromium contaminations. Hence, three different parameters have been studied to highlight the high influence of ball milling parameters on the final products. The parameters included the type of process control agent (none, toluene or stearic acid), the ball-to-powder weight ratio (33:1 or 10:1) and finally, a change in the milling cycle (interrupted or continuous) in an interactive procedure according to the experimental results. As a result, the best morphology and contamination level combination was observed in powder milled with stearic acid; it was 10:1 for the ball to powder ratio when using a continuous milling cycle. Once the best milling conditions were determined, the resulting samples were exposed to spark plasma sintering (SPS). The sintering parameters were selected based on a previous thermal gravimetrical measurement of the milled powders to avoid residual porosity. The final density of all of the samples is very good, 99%, confirming an effective densification process and sintering activated by severely strain-hardened and nanostructured particles. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Contamination during the high-energy milling of atomized copper powder and its effects on spark plasma sintering / Cipolloni, G.; Pellizzari, M.; Molinari, A.; Hebda, M.; Zadra, M.. - In: POWDER TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0032-5910. - 275:(2015), pp. 51-59. [10.1016/j.powtec.2015.01.063]

Contamination during the high-energy milling of atomized copper powder and its effects on spark plasma sintering

Cipolloni G.;Pellizzari M.;Molinari A.;Zadra M.
2015

Abstract

Mechanical milling is a suitable technique to enhance various properties of copper by the severe plastic deformation involved during the process. Contamination from milling media is one of the major problems of mechanical alloying. In this study, the behaviour of copper powder during mechanical milling was investigated in order to minimize iron and chromium contaminations. Hence, three different parameters have been studied to highlight the high influence of ball milling parameters on the final products. The parameters included the type of process control agent (none, toluene or stearic acid), the ball-to-powder weight ratio (33:1 or 10:1) and finally, a change in the milling cycle (interrupted or continuous) in an interactive procedure according to the experimental results. As a result, the best morphology and contamination level combination was observed in powder milled with stearic acid; it was 10:1 for the ball to powder ratio when using a continuous milling cycle. Once the best milling conditions were determined, the resulting samples were exposed to spark plasma sintering (SPS). The sintering parameters were selected based on a previous thermal gravimetrical measurement of the milled powders to avoid residual porosity. The final density of all of the samples is very good, 99%, confirming an effective densification process and sintering activated by severely strain-hardened and nanostructured particles. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Cipolloni, G.; Pellizzari, M.; Molinari, A.; Hebda, M.; Zadra, M.
Contamination during the high-energy milling of atomized copper powder and its effects on spark plasma sintering / Cipolloni, G.; Pellizzari, M.; Molinari, A.; Hebda, M.; Zadra, M.. - In: POWDER TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0032-5910. - 275:(2015), pp. 51-59. [10.1016/j.powtec.2015.01.063]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/260536
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