Positive definiteness and symmetry of the constitutive tensors describing a second-gradient elastic (SGE) material, which is energetically equivalent to a hexagonal planar lattice made up of axially deformable bars, are analyzed by exploiting the closed form-expressions obtained in part I of the present study in the ‘condensed’ form. It is shown that, while the first-order approximation leads to an isotropic Cauchy material, a second-order identification procedure provides an equivalent model exhibiting non-locality, non-centrosymmetry, and anisotropy. The derivation of the constitutive properties for the SGE from those of the ‘condensed’ one (obtained by considering a quadratic remote displacement which generates stress states satisfying equilibrium) is presented. Comparisons between the mechanical responses of the periodic lattice and of the equivalent SGE material under simple shear and uniaxial strain show the efficacy of the proposed identification procedure and therefore validate the proposed constitutive model. This model reveals that, at higher-order, a lattice material can be made equivalent to a second-gradient elastic material exhibiting an internal length, a finding which is now open for applications in micromechanics.

Identification of second-gradient elastic materials from planar hexagonal lattices. Part II: Mechanical characteristics and model validation / Rizzi, G.; Dal Corso, F.; Veber, D.; Bigoni, D.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOLIDS AND STRUCTURES. - ISSN 0020-7683. - 176-177:(2019), pp. 19-35. [10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2019.07.009]

Identification of second-gradient elastic materials from planar hexagonal lattices. Part II: Mechanical characteristics and model validation

Rizzi G.;Dal Corso F.;Veber D.;Bigoni D.
2019

Abstract

Positive definiteness and symmetry of the constitutive tensors describing a second-gradient elastic (SGE) material, which is energetically equivalent to a hexagonal planar lattice made up of axially deformable bars, are analyzed by exploiting the closed form-expressions obtained in part I of the present study in the ‘condensed’ form. It is shown that, while the first-order approximation leads to an isotropic Cauchy material, a second-order identification procedure provides an equivalent model exhibiting non-locality, non-centrosymmetry, and anisotropy. The derivation of the constitutive properties for the SGE from those of the ‘condensed’ one (obtained by considering a quadratic remote displacement which generates stress states satisfying equilibrium) is presented. Comparisons between the mechanical responses of the periodic lattice and of the equivalent SGE material under simple shear and uniaxial strain show the efficacy of the proposed identification procedure and therefore validate the proposed constitutive model. This model reveals that, at higher-order, a lattice material can be made equivalent to a second-gradient elastic material exhibiting an internal length, a finding which is now open for applications in micromechanics.
Rizzi, G.; Dal Corso, F.; Veber, D.; Bigoni, D.
Identification of second-gradient elastic materials from planar hexagonal lattices. Part II: Mechanical characteristics and model validation / Rizzi, G.; Dal Corso, F.; Veber, D.; Bigoni, D.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOLIDS AND STRUCTURES. - ISSN 0020-7683. - 176-177:(2019), pp. 19-35. [10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2019.07.009]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/255252
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