Proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) is a soft ionization mass spectrometric technique for monitoring volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with a very low limit of detection (LOD) (parts per trillion by volume) and excellent time resolution (split seconds). This makes PTR-MS a particularly interesting instrument for investigating surface desorption kinetics of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) under realistic conditions, i.e., at ambient pressure from a heterogeneous surface. Here, we report on the investigation of heterogeneous inlet surface kinetics with PTR-MS and based thereon, develop concepts to assist compound identification in PTR-MS. First, we studied differential isothermal desorption kinetics using heterogeneous inlet surface data measured by Mikoviny et al. [7] with their newly developed high-temp-PTR-MS. The best fit to their data is obtained with bimodal pseudo-first order kinetics. In addition, we explored the normalization of the data and calculated data points of the desorption isotherms. We found evidence that the interesting part of the isotherm can be linearized in a double log plot. Then we investigated the idea to use memory effects of the inlet system to assist compound identification. At the moment, the main problem is the dependence of the kinetics on the initial equilibrium gas phase adsorption concentration, and thus, the surface coverage. As a solution, we suggest an empirical, quasi-concentration independent, yet compound specific parameter: the normalized desorption time t(nd) describing the decline of the signal to 1/e(2) of the initial concentration, normalized to an initial concentration of 10,000 counts per second (cps). Furthermore, we investigated property-property and structure-property relationships of this new parameter. Further possible improvements are discussed as well. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Desorption Kinetics with PTR-MS: Isothermal Differential Desorption Kinetics from a Heterogeneous Inlet Surface at Ambient Pressure and a New Concept for Compound Identification / Schuhfried, Erna; Aprea, E; Cappellin, Luca; Soukoulis, Christos; Viola, Roberto; Maerk Tilmann, D.; Gasperi, Flavia; Biasioli, Franco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY. - ISSN 1387-3806. - 314:(2012), pp. 33-41. [10.1016/j.ijms.2012.01.013]

Desorption Kinetics with PTR-MS: Isothermal Differential Desorption Kinetics from a Heterogeneous Inlet Surface at Ambient Pressure and a New Concept for Compound Identification

Aprea E;Gasperi Flavia;
2012-01-01

Abstract

Proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) is a soft ionization mass spectrometric technique for monitoring volatile organic compounds (VOCs) with a very low limit of detection (LOD) (parts per trillion by volume) and excellent time resolution (split seconds). This makes PTR-MS a particularly interesting instrument for investigating surface desorption kinetics of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) under realistic conditions, i.e., at ambient pressure from a heterogeneous surface. Here, we report on the investigation of heterogeneous inlet surface kinetics with PTR-MS and based thereon, develop concepts to assist compound identification in PTR-MS. First, we studied differential isothermal desorption kinetics using heterogeneous inlet surface data measured by Mikoviny et al. [7] with their newly developed high-temp-PTR-MS. The best fit to their data is obtained with bimodal pseudo-first order kinetics. In addition, we explored the normalization of the data and calculated data points of the desorption isotherms. We found evidence that the interesting part of the isotherm can be linearized in a double log plot. Then we investigated the idea to use memory effects of the inlet system to assist compound identification. At the moment, the main problem is the dependence of the kinetics on the initial equilibrium gas phase adsorption concentration, and thus, the surface coverage. As a solution, we suggest an empirical, quasi-concentration independent, yet compound specific parameter: the normalized desorption time t(nd) describing the decline of the signal to 1/e(2) of the initial concentration, normalized to an initial concentration of 10,000 counts per second (cps). Furthermore, we investigated property-property and structure-property relationships of this new parameter. Further possible improvements are discussed as well. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Schuhfried, Erna; Aprea, E; Cappellin, Luca; Soukoulis, Christos; Viola, Roberto; Maerk Tilmann, D.; Gasperi, Flavia; Biasioli, Franco
Desorption Kinetics with PTR-MS: Isothermal Differential Desorption Kinetics from a Heterogeneous Inlet Surface at Ambient Pressure and a New Concept for Compound Identification / Schuhfried, Erna; Aprea, E; Cappellin, Luca; Soukoulis, Christos; Viola, Roberto; Maerk Tilmann, D.; Gasperi, Flavia; Biasioli, Franco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY. - ISSN 1387-3806. - 314:(2012), pp. 33-41. [10.1016/j.ijms.2012.01.013]
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