Research around hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) has seen a huge development in recent years, materializing in the first pilot and industrial plants. Even though HTC reactions are slightly exothermic, the overall process entails energy consumption to both reach operating conditions and tackle heat losses. To face this issue and to develop a zero-energy process, this work proposes an innovative solution: the coupling of an HTC reactor with a solar concentrator, designed to fully cover the HTC energy needs. A 300 ml stainless steel HTC reactor was constructed and positioned on the focus of a parabolic dish concentrator (PDC), consisting of one parabolic mirror of 0.8 m2. To maximize the light absorption, the illuminated side of the HTC reactor was coated with a thin layer of nanostructured copper oxide, realized via electron beam deposition. Then, the effectiveness of the hybrid solar-HTC solution was demonstrated by carrying out an experimental campaign on a residual agro-biomass (grape seeds), which was treated at 180, 220, and 250 °C for 2 h. The coating confers excellent absorbing performances to the system, exhibiting an absorptance of up to 95.6% (at 300 nm wavelength). Heating times, yields, composition, and energy properties of “solar hydrochars” resemble those of studies performed in traditional HTC systems. This research work proves the feasibility of the solar-HTC prototype apparatus and opens the way to the development of a zero-energy solar-HTC technology.

Realization of a solar hydrothermal carbonization reactor: A zero-energy technology for waste biomass valorization / Ischia, Giulia; Orlandi, M.; Fendrich, M. A.; Bettonte, M.; Merzari, F.; Miotello, A.; Fiori, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0301-4797. - STAMPA. - 259:(2020), p. 110067. [10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110067]

Realization of a solar hydrothermal carbonization reactor: A zero-energy technology for waste biomass valorization

Ischia, Giulia;Orlandi M.;Fendrich M. A.;Bettonte M.;Merzari F.;Miotello A.;Fiori L.
2020

Abstract

Research around hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) has seen a huge development in recent years, materializing in the first pilot and industrial plants. Even though HTC reactions are slightly exothermic, the overall process entails energy consumption to both reach operating conditions and tackle heat losses. To face this issue and to develop a zero-energy process, this work proposes an innovative solution: the coupling of an HTC reactor with a solar concentrator, designed to fully cover the HTC energy needs. A 300 ml stainless steel HTC reactor was constructed and positioned on the focus of a parabolic dish concentrator (PDC), consisting of one parabolic mirror of 0.8 m2. To maximize the light absorption, the illuminated side of the HTC reactor was coated with a thin layer of nanostructured copper oxide, realized via electron beam deposition. Then, the effectiveness of the hybrid solar-HTC solution was demonstrated by carrying out an experimental campaign on a residual agro-biomass (grape seeds), which was treated at 180, 220, and 250 °C for 2 h. The coating confers excellent absorbing performances to the system, exhibiting an absorptance of up to 95.6% (at 300 nm wavelength). Heating times, yields, composition, and energy properties of “solar hydrochars” resemble those of studies performed in traditional HTC systems. This research work proves the feasibility of the solar-HTC prototype apparatus and opens the way to the development of a zero-energy solar-HTC technology.
Ischia, Giulia; Orlandi, M.; Fendrich, M. A.; Bettonte, M.; Merzari, F.; Miotello, A.; Fiori, L.
Realization of a solar hydrothermal carbonization reactor: A zero-energy technology for waste biomass valorization / Ischia, Giulia; Orlandi, M.; Fendrich, M. A.; Bettonte, M.; Merzari, F.; Miotello, A.; Fiori, L.. - In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0301-4797. - STAMPA. - 259:(2020), p. 110067. [10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110067]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/250624
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