Background: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are secreted membranous particles intensively studied for their potential cargo of diagnostic markers. Efficient and cost-effective isolation methods need to be established for the reproducible and high-throughput study of EVs in the clinical practice. Methods: We designed the nickel-based isolation (NBI) to rapidly isolate EVs and combined it with newly-designed amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay or digital PCR to detect biomarkers of clinical utility. Findings: From plasma of 46 healthy donors, we systematically recovered small EV (~250 nm of mean diameter; ~3 × 1010/ml) and large EV (~560 nm of mean diameter; ~5 × 108/ml) lineages ranging from 50 to 700 nm, which displayed hematopoietic/endothelial cell markers that were also used in spike-in experiments using EVs from tumor cell lines. In retrospective studies, we detected picomolar concentrations of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) in fractions of EVs isolated from the plasma of prostate cancer patients, discriminating them from control subjects. Directly from oil-encapsulated EVs for digital PCR, we identified somatic BRAF and KRAS mutations circulating in the plasma of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, matching 100% of concordance with tissue diagnostics. Importantly, with higher sensitivity and specificity compared with immuno-isolated EVs, we revealed additional somatic alterations in 7% of wild-type CRC cases that were subsequently validated by further inspections in the matched tissue biopsies. Interpretation: We propose NBI-combined approaches as simple, fast, and robust strategies to probe the tumor heterogeneity and contribute to the development of EV-based liquid biopsy studies. Fund: Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro (AIRC), Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio Trento e Rovereto (CARITRO), and the Italian Ministero Istruzione, Università e Ricerca (Miur).

Ultrasensitive detection of cancer biomarkers by nickel-based isolation of polydisperse extracellular vesicles from blood / Notarangelo, M.; Zucal, C.; Modelska, A.; Pesce, I.; Scarduelli, G.; Potrich, C.; Lunelli, L.; Pederzolli, C.; Pavan, P.; la Marca, G.; Pasini, L.; Ulivi, P.; Beltran, H.; Demichelis, F.; Provenzani, A.; Quattrone, A.; D'Agostino, V. G.. - In: EBIOMEDICINE. - ISSN 2352-3964. - 43:(2019), pp. 114-126. [10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.04.039]

Ultrasensitive detection of cancer biomarkers by nickel-based isolation of polydisperse extracellular vesicles from blood

Notarangelo M.;Zucal C.;Pesce I.;Scarduelli G.;Demichelis F.;Provenzani A.;Quattrone A.;D'Agostino V. G.
2019

Abstract

Background: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are secreted membranous particles intensively studied for their potential cargo of diagnostic markers. Efficient and cost-effective isolation methods need to be established for the reproducible and high-throughput study of EVs in the clinical practice. Methods: We designed the nickel-based isolation (NBI) to rapidly isolate EVs and combined it with newly-designed amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay or digital PCR to detect biomarkers of clinical utility. Findings: From plasma of 46 healthy donors, we systematically recovered small EV (~250 nm of mean diameter; ~3 × 1010/ml) and large EV (~560 nm of mean diameter; ~5 × 108/ml) lineages ranging from 50 to 700 nm, which displayed hematopoietic/endothelial cell markers that were also used in spike-in experiments using EVs from tumor cell lines. In retrospective studies, we detected picomolar concentrations of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) in fractions of EVs isolated from the plasma of prostate cancer patients, discriminating them from control subjects. Directly from oil-encapsulated EVs for digital PCR, we identified somatic BRAF and KRAS mutations circulating in the plasma of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, matching 100% of concordance with tissue diagnostics. Importantly, with higher sensitivity and specificity compared with immuno-isolated EVs, we revealed additional somatic alterations in 7% of wild-type CRC cases that were subsequently validated by further inspections in the matched tissue biopsies. Interpretation: We propose NBI-combined approaches as simple, fast, and robust strategies to probe the tumor heterogeneity and contribute to the development of EV-based liquid biopsy studies. Fund: Associazione Italiana per la Ricerca sul Cancro (AIRC), Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio Trento e Rovereto (CARITRO), and the Italian Ministero Istruzione, Università e Ricerca (Miur).
Notarangelo, M.; Zucal, C.; Modelska, A.; Pesce, I.; Scarduelli, G.; Potrich, C.; Lunelli, L.; Pederzolli, C.; Pavan, P.; la Marca, G.; Pasini, L.; Ulivi, P.; Beltran, H.; Demichelis, F.; Provenzani, A.; Quattrone, A.; D'Agostino, V. G.
Ultrasensitive detection of cancer biomarkers by nickel-based isolation of polydisperse extracellular vesicles from blood / Notarangelo, M.; Zucal, C.; Modelska, A.; Pesce, I.; Scarduelli, G.; Potrich, C.; Lunelli, L.; Pederzolli, C.; Pavan, P.; la Marca, G.; Pasini, L.; Ulivi, P.; Beltran, H.; Demichelis, F.; Provenzani, A.; Quattrone, A.; D'Agostino, V. G.. - In: EBIOMEDICINE. - ISSN 2352-3964. - 43:(2019), pp. 114-126. [10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.04.039]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/248532
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