Unsteady loading rates can affect the proper operation of a biofilter. In addition, biofiltration is known to be less effective when dealing with poorly soluble substances, like some volatile organic compounds (VOCs). A non-thermal plasma (NTP) produced with a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) was studied as an option to pre-treat an air stream contaminated by a mixture of VOCs. Therefore, the plasma reactor was operated upstream of a laboratory-scale biofilter. Air admixed with toluene, n-heptane, p-xylene, ethylbenzene and benzene with average concentrations of 95.6, 49.4, 60.8, 47.3 and 36.6 ppm, respectively, was used as a model polluted gas, as these contaminants represent the air stripped by an oil-refinery wastewater treatment plant. Peaks of loading rates at the inlet of the biofilter were simulated by the increase of the flow rates of VOCs. The operation of NTP, with specific energy densities between 92 J L−1 and 256 J L−1 allowed reducing the VOC concentrations down to the level of optimal biofilter operation. In addition, non-water soluble VOCs were converted to more soluble compounds by the plasma treatment. In this first attempt to investigate the synergies between NTP and biofiltration, NTP reveals as a promising option to pre-treat effluents upstream of biofilters for optimized operation.

Non-thermal plasma assisting the biofiltration of volatile organic compounds / Schiavon, Marco; Schiorlin, Milko; Torretta, Vincenzo; Brandenburg, Ronny; Ragazzi, Marco. - In: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION. - ISSN 0959-6526. - ELETTRONICO. - 2017, 148:(2017), pp. 498-508. [10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.008]

Non-thermal plasma assisting the biofiltration of volatile organic compounds

Schiavon, Marco;Torretta, Vincenzo;Ragazzi, Marco
2017-01-01

Abstract

Unsteady loading rates can affect the proper operation of a biofilter. In addition, biofiltration is known to be less effective when dealing with poorly soluble substances, like some volatile organic compounds (VOCs). A non-thermal plasma (NTP) produced with a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) was studied as an option to pre-treat an air stream contaminated by a mixture of VOCs. Therefore, the plasma reactor was operated upstream of a laboratory-scale biofilter. Air admixed with toluene, n-heptane, p-xylene, ethylbenzene and benzene with average concentrations of 95.6, 49.4, 60.8, 47.3 and 36.6 ppm, respectively, was used as a model polluted gas, as these contaminants represent the air stripped by an oil-refinery wastewater treatment plant. Peaks of loading rates at the inlet of the biofilter were simulated by the increase of the flow rates of VOCs. The operation of NTP, with specific energy densities between 92 J L−1 and 256 J L−1 allowed reducing the VOC concentrations down to the level of optimal biofilter operation. In addition, non-water soluble VOCs were converted to more soluble compounds by the plasma treatment. In this first attempt to investigate the synergies between NTP and biofiltration, NTP reveals as a promising option to pre-treat effluents upstream of biofilters for optimized operation.
2017
Schiavon, Marco; Schiorlin, Milko; Torretta, Vincenzo; Brandenburg, Ronny; Ragazzi, Marco
Non-thermal plasma assisting the biofiltration of volatile organic compounds / Schiavon, Marco; Schiorlin, Milko; Torretta, Vincenzo; Brandenburg, Ronny; Ragazzi, Marco. - In: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION. - ISSN 0959-6526. - ELETTRONICO. - 2017, 148:(2017), pp. 498-508. [10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.008]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/208706
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