Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) is a powerful probe of the distribution of nearest- neighbour distances around selected atomic species. We consider here the effect of vibrational disorder in crystals. The potential of EXAFS for the accurate evaluation of the coefficient of bond thermal expansion and its temperature dependence is discussed, with the aim of stimulating and facilitating the comparison with the results from total scattering experiments. The meaning of the distribution asym- metry in crystals and its connection with the effective potential anharmonicity and the bond expansion is quantitatively explored by comparing the results for a number of different systems. The extent of the relative atomic vibrations perpendicular to the bond direction and the perpendicular to parallel anisotropy are correlated with the extent of lattice negative thermal expansion as well as with the ionic mobility in superionic crystals.

Nearest-neighbour distribution of distances in crystals from extended X-ray absorption fine structure

Fornasini, Paolo;Grisenti, Rolly;
2017

Abstract

Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) is a powerful probe of the distribution of nearest- neighbour distances around selected atomic species. We consider here the effect of vibrational disorder in crystals. The potential of EXAFS for the accurate evaluation of the coefficient of bond thermal expansion and its temperature dependence is discussed, with the aim of stimulating and facilitating the comparison with the results from total scattering experiments. The meaning of the distribution asym- metry in crystals and its connection with the effective potential anharmonicity and the bond expansion is quantitatively explored by comparing the results for a number of different systems. The extent of the relative atomic vibrations perpendicular to the bond direction and the perpendicular to parallel anisotropy are correlated with the extent of lattice negative thermal expansion as well as with the ionic mobility in superionic crystals.
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Fornasini, Paolo; Grisenti, Rolly; Dapiaggi, M.; Agostini, G.; Miyanaga, T.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/183395
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