Prompt-gamma emission detection is a promising technique for hadrontherapy monitoring purposes. In this regard, obtaining prompt-gamma yields that can be used to develop monitoring systems based on this principle is of utmost importance since any camera design must cope with the available signal. Herein, a comprehensive study of the data from ten single-slit experiments is presented, five consisting in the irradiation of either PMMA or water targets with lower and higher energy carbon ions, and another five experiments using PMMA targets and proton beams. Analysis techniques such as background subtraction methods, geometrical normalization, and systematic uncertainty estimation were applied to the data in order to obtain absolute prompt-gamma yields in units of prompt-gamma counts per incident ion, unit of field of view, and unit of solid angle. At the entrance of a PMMA target, where the contribution of secondary nuclear reactions is negligible, prompt-gamma counts per incident ion, per millimetre and per steradian equal to (124 ± 0.7stat ± 30sys) × 10−6 for 95 MeV u−1 carbon ions, (79 ± 2stat ± 23sys) × 10−6 for 310 MeV u−1 carbon ions, and (16 ± 0.07stat ± 1sys) × 10−6 for 160 MeV protons were found for prompt gammas with energies higher than 1 MeV. This shows a factor 5 between the yields of two different ions species with the same range in water (160 MeV protons and 310 MeV u−1 carbon ions). The target composition was also found to influence the prompt-gamma yield since, for 300/310 MeV u−1 carbon ions, a 42% greater yield ((112 ± 1stat ± 22sys) × 10−6 counts ion−1 mm−1 sr−1) was obtained with a water target compared to a PMMA one.

Absolute prompt-gamma yield measurements for ion beam therapy monitoring / Pinto, M.; Bajard, M.; Brons, S.; Chevallier, M.; Dauvergne, D.; Dedes, G.; De Rydt, M.; Freud, N.; Krimmer, J.; La Tessa, Chiara; Létang, J. M.; Parodi, K.; Pleskač, R.; Prieels, D.; Ray, C.; Rinaldi, I.; Roellinghoff, F.; Schardt, D.; Testa, E.; Testa, M.. - In: PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0031-9155. - 60:2(2015), pp. 565-594. [10.1088/0031-9155/60/2/565]

Absolute prompt-gamma yield measurements for ion beam therapy monitoring

La Tessa, Chiara;
2015

Abstract

Prompt-gamma emission detection is a promising technique for hadrontherapy monitoring purposes. In this regard, obtaining prompt-gamma yields that can be used to develop monitoring systems based on this principle is of utmost importance since any camera design must cope with the available signal. Herein, a comprehensive study of the data from ten single-slit experiments is presented, five consisting in the irradiation of either PMMA or water targets with lower and higher energy carbon ions, and another five experiments using PMMA targets and proton beams. Analysis techniques such as background subtraction methods, geometrical normalization, and systematic uncertainty estimation were applied to the data in order to obtain absolute prompt-gamma yields in units of prompt-gamma counts per incident ion, unit of field of view, and unit of solid angle. At the entrance of a PMMA target, where the contribution of secondary nuclear reactions is negligible, prompt-gamma counts per incident ion, per millimetre and per steradian equal to (124 ± 0.7stat ± 30sys) × 10−6 for 95 MeV u−1 carbon ions, (79 ± 2stat ± 23sys) × 10−6 for 310 MeV u−1 carbon ions, and (16 ± 0.07stat ± 1sys) × 10−6 for 160 MeV protons were found for prompt gammas with energies higher than 1 MeV. This shows a factor 5 between the yields of two different ions species with the same range in water (160 MeV protons and 310 MeV u−1 carbon ions). The target composition was also found to influence the prompt-gamma yield since, for 300/310 MeV u−1 carbon ions, a 42% greater yield ((112 ± 1stat ± 22sys) × 10−6 counts ion−1 mm−1 sr−1) was obtained with a water target compared to a PMMA one.
2
Pinto, M.; Bajard, M.; Brons, S.; Chevallier, M.; Dauvergne, D.; Dedes, G.; De Rydt, M.; Freud, N.; Krimmer, J.; La Tessa, Chiara; Létang, J. M.; Parodi, K.; Pleskač, R.; Prieels, D.; Ray, C.; Rinaldi, I.; Roellinghoff, F.; Schardt, D.; Testa, E.; Testa, M.
Absolute prompt-gamma yield measurements for ion beam therapy monitoring / Pinto, M.; Bajard, M.; Brons, S.; Chevallier, M.; Dauvergne, D.; Dedes, G.; De Rydt, M.; Freud, N.; Krimmer, J.; La Tessa, Chiara; Létang, J. M.; Parodi, K.; Pleskač, R.; Prieels, D.; Ray, C.; Rinaldi, I.; Roellinghoff, F.; Schardt, D.; Testa, E.; Testa, M.. - In: PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0031-9155. - 60:2(2015), pp. 565-594. [10.1088/0031-9155/60/2/565]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/180029
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