In this paper, a hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process is designed and modeled on the basis of experimental data previously obtained for two representative organic waste materials: off-specification compost and grape marc. The process accounts for all the steps and equipment necessary to convert raw moist biomass into dry and pelletized hydrochar. By means of mass and thermal balances and based on common equations specific to the various equipment, thermal energy and power consumption were calculated at variable process conditions: HTC reactor temperature T: 180, 220, 250 C; reaction time : 1, 3, 8 h. When operating the HTC plant with grape marc (65% moisture content) at optimized process conditions (T = 220 C; = 1 h; dry biomass to water ratio = 0.19), thermal energy and power consumption were equal to 1170 kWh and 160 kWh per ton of hydrochar produced, respectively. Correspondingly, plant efficiency was 78%. In addition, the techno-economical aspects of the HTC process were analyzed in detail, considering both investment and production costs. The production cost of pelletized hydrochar and its break-even point were determined to be 157  /ton and 200  /ton, respectively. Such values make the use of hydrochar as a CO2 neutral biofuel attractive.

Hydrothermal carbonization of waste biomass: Process design, modeling, energy efficiency and cost analysis / Lucian, Michela; Fiori, Luca. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - STAMPA. - 10:211(2017), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/en10020211]

Hydrothermal carbonization of waste biomass: Process design, modeling, energy efficiency and cost analysis

Lucian, Michela;Fiori, Luca
2017-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, a hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process is designed and modeled on the basis of experimental data previously obtained for two representative organic waste materials: off-specification compost and grape marc. The process accounts for all the steps and equipment necessary to convert raw moist biomass into dry and pelletized hydrochar. By means of mass and thermal balances and based on common equations specific to the various equipment, thermal energy and power consumption were calculated at variable process conditions: HTC reactor temperature T: 180, 220, 250 C; reaction time : 1, 3, 8 h. When operating the HTC plant with grape marc (65% moisture content) at optimized process conditions (T = 220 C; = 1 h; dry biomass to water ratio = 0.19), thermal energy and power consumption were equal to 1170 kWh and 160 kWh per ton of hydrochar produced, respectively. Correspondingly, plant efficiency was 78%. In addition, the techno-economical aspects of the HTC process were analyzed in detail, considering both investment and production costs. The production cost of pelletized hydrochar and its break-even point were determined to be 157  /ton and 200  /ton, respectively. Such values make the use of hydrochar as a CO2 neutral biofuel attractive.
2017
211
Lucian, Michela; Fiori, Luca
Hydrothermal carbonization of waste biomass: Process design, modeling, energy efficiency and cost analysis / Lucian, Michela; Fiori, Luca. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - STAMPA. - 10:211(2017), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/en10020211]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/178447
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