Throughout recorded history, and across cultures, humans have made visual art. In recent years, the neural bases of creativity, including artistic creativity, have become a topic of interest. In this study we investigated the neural bases of the visual creative process with both professional artists and a group of control participants. We tested the idea that creativity (planning an artwork) would influence the functional connectivity between regions involved in the default mode network (DMN), implicated in divergent thinking and generating novel ideas, and the executive control network (EN), implicated in evaluating and selecting ideas. We measured functional connectivity with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) during three different conditions: rest, visual imagery of the alphabet and planning an artwork to be executed immediately after the scanning session. Consistent with our hypothesis, we found stronger connectivity between areas of the DMN and EN during the creative task, and this difference was enhanced in professional artists. These findings suggest that creativity involves an expert balance of two brain networks typically viewed as being in opposition.

Brain networks for visual creativity: A functional connectivity study of planning a visual artwork / De Pisapia, Nicola; Bacci, Francesca; Parrott, Danielle Elizabeth; Melcher, David Paul. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 6:1(2016), pp. 3918501-3918511. [10.1038/srep39185]

Brain networks for visual creativity: A functional connectivity study of planning a visual artwork

De Pisapia, Nicola;Bacci, Francesca;Parrott, Danielle Elizabeth;Melcher, David Paul
2016-01-01

Abstract

Throughout recorded history, and across cultures, humans have made visual art. In recent years, the neural bases of creativity, including artistic creativity, have become a topic of interest. In this study we investigated the neural bases of the visual creative process with both professional artists and a group of control participants. We tested the idea that creativity (planning an artwork) would influence the functional connectivity between regions involved in the default mode network (DMN), implicated in divergent thinking and generating novel ideas, and the executive control network (EN), implicated in evaluating and selecting ideas. We measured functional connectivity with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) during three different conditions: rest, visual imagery of the alphabet and planning an artwork to be executed immediately after the scanning session. Consistent with our hypothesis, we found stronger connectivity between areas of the DMN and EN during the creative task, and this difference was enhanced in professional artists. These findings suggest that creativity involves an expert balance of two brain networks typically viewed as being in opposition.
2016
1
De Pisapia, Nicola; Bacci, Francesca; Parrott, Danielle Elizabeth; Melcher, David Paul
Brain networks for visual creativity: A functional connectivity study of planning a visual artwork / De Pisapia, Nicola; Bacci, Francesca; Parrott, Danielle Elizabeth; Melcher, David Paul. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 6:1(2016), pp. 3918501-3918511. [10.1038/srep39185]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/171253
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