In wastewater treatment plants the sensitivity of activated sludge to a toxicant depends on the toxicity test chosen, and thus the use of more than one test is suggested. The physiological status of bacteria in response to toxicants was analysed by flow cytometry to distinguish intact, permeabilised, active cells and cells disrupted. Results were compared with respirometry and bioluminescence bioassay (Vibrio fischeri). 3,5-Dichlorophenol (DCP) was used as reference xenobiotic. DCP has a strong effect on cellular integrity, causing an increase in permeabilised and disrupted cells. A reduction of 44–80% of intact cells with 6–30 mgDCP/L for 5 h was found. Inhibition of active cells was 25–49%, at 6–30 mgDCP/L for 5 h. The bioluminescence bioassay resulted oversensitive to DCP compared to tests based on activated sludge, while oxygen uptake rate was affected similarly to intact cells measured by flow cytometry. Landfill leachate was tested: a detrimental impact on both cellular integrity and enzymatic activity was observed. Reduction of intact cells and active cells was by 32% and 61% respectively after addition of 50% (v/v) of leachate for 5 h. The flow cytometry analysis proposed here might be widely applicable in the monitoring of various toxicants and in other aquatic biosystems.

Toxicant inhibition in activated sludge: Fractionation of the physiological status of bacteria

Foladori, Paola;TAMBURINI, SABRINA
2014

Abstract

In wastewater treatment plants the sensitivity of activated sludge to a toxicant depends on the toxicity test chosen, and thus the use of more than one test is suggested. The physiological status of bacteria in response to toxicants was analysed by flow cytometry to distinguish intact, permeabilised, active cells and cells disrupted. Results were compared with respirometry and bioluminescence bioassay (Vibrio fischeri). 3,5-Dichlorophenol (DCP) was used as reference xenobiotic. DCP has a strong effect on cellular integrity, causing an increase in permeabilised and disrupted cells. A reduction of 44–80% of intact cells with 6–30 mgDCP/L for 5 h was found. Inhibition of active cells was 25–49%, at 6–30 mgDCP/L for 5 h. The bioluminescence bioassay resulted oversensitive to DCP compared to tests based on activated sludge, while oxygen uptake rate was affected similarly to intact cells measured by flow cytometry. Landfill leachate was tested: a detrimental impact on both cellular integrity and enzymatic activity was observed. Reduction of intact cells and active cells was by 32% and 61% respectively after addition of 50% (v/v) of leachate for 5 h. The flow cytometry analysis proposed here might be widely applicable in the monitoring of various toxicants and in other aquatic biosystems.
Foladori, Paola; L., Bruni; Tamburini, Sabrina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/98753
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