Accordingtothetraditionalview,bothimageabilityandconcretenessratingsreflectthewaywordmeaningsrelyoninformationmediatedbythesenses.Asaconsequence,thetwomeasuresshouldanddocorrelate.ThelinkbetweenthesetwoindexeswasalreadyhypothesizedanddemonstratedbyPaivioetal.(1968)inaseminalarticle,wheretheyintroducedtheideaofimageabilityratingsforthefirsttime.However,inthisfirststudy,theyalsonotedacontrastingpatternintheratingsforimageabilityandconcretenesswithsomewordsthatrefertoaffectiveattitudesoremotionalstatesreceivinghighimageabilitybutlowconcretenessratings.Recentstudiesconfirmthisinconsistency(e.g.,AltarribaandBauer,2004)leadingtotheclaimthatemotionwordsformaparticularclassoftermsdifferentfrombothconcreteandabstractwords.HereweusetheMRCpsycholinguisticdatabasetoshowthatthethereareotherclassesoftermsforwhichimageabilityandconcretenessareuncorrelated.Weshowthatthecommonfeatureofthesewordclassesisthattheydirectlyorindirectlyrefertoproprioceptive,interoceptive,oraffectivestates,i.e.,tointernal,body-related,sensoryexperiences.Thus,imageabilityandconcretenesscannolongerbeconsideredinterchangeableconstructs;rather,imageabilityisadifferent,andperhapsmoreinteresting,measure:itnotonlyreflectstheeasewithwhichmemoriesofexternaleventscometomind,aspreviouslyhypothesized,butalsoreflectstheeasewithwhichmemoriesofinternaleventscometomind.

Measuring inconsistencies can lead you forward: Imageability and the x-ception theory

Dellantonio, Sara;Mulatti, Claudio;Job, Remo
2014

Abstract

Accordingtothetraditionalview,bothimageabilityandconcretenessratingsreflectthewaywordmeaningsrelyoninformationmediatedbythesenses.Asaconsequence,thetwomeasuresshouldanddocorrelate.ThelinkbetweenthesetwoindexeswasalreadyhypothesizedanddemonstratedbyPaivioetal.(1968)inaseminalarticle,wheretheyintroducedtheideaofimageabilityratingsforthefirsttime.However,inthisfirststudy,theyalsonotedacontrastingpatternintheratingsforimageabilityandconcretenesswithsomewordsthatrefertoaffectiveattitudesoremotionalstatesreceivinghighimageabilitybutlowconcretenessratings.Recentstudiesconfirmthisinconsistency(e.g.,AltarribaandBauer,2004)leadingtotheclaimthatemotionwordsformaparticularclassoftermsdifferentfrombothconcreteandabstractwords.HereweusetheMRCpsycholinguisticdatabasetoshowthatthethereareotherclassesoftermsforwhichimageabilityandconcretenessareuncorrelated.Weshowthatthecommonfeatureofthesewordclassesisthattheydirectlyorindirectlyrefertoproprioceptive,interoceptive,oraffectivestates,i.e.,tointernal,body-related,sensoryexperiences.Thus,imageabilityandconcretenesscannolongerbeconsideredinterchangeableconstructs;rather,imageabilityisadifferent,andperhapsmoreinteresting,measure:itnotonlyreflectstheeasewithwhichmemoriesofexternaleventscometomind,aspreviouslyhypothesized,butalsoreflectstheeasewithwhichmemoriesofinternaleventscometomind.
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Dellantonio, Sara; Mulatti, Claudio; Pastore, Luigi; Job, Remo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/98578
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